martyr

EnglishEdit

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EtymologyEdit

From Middle English, from Old English, itself from Ecclesiastical Latin martyr, from Ancient Greek μάρτυρ (martyr), later form of μάρτυς (martus, witness).

PronunciationEdit

NounEdit

martyr (plural martyrs)

  1. One who willingly accepts being put to death for adhering openly to one's religious beliefs; notably, saints canonized after martyrdom.
    Saint Stephen was the first Christian martyr.
  2. (by extension) One who sacrifices his or her life, station, or something of great personal value, for the sake of principle or to sustain a cause.
  3. (with a prepositional phrase of cause) One who suffers greatly and/or constantly, even involuntarily.
    Stan is a martyr to arthritis, Chris a martyr to Stan's endless moaning about it.
    • 1937, AJ Cronin, The Citadel:
      He'd been a martyr to asthma all his life.
  4. One who is killed or suffers greatly because of an identity or position, e.g., a young prince killed when his father, the king, is deposed for the purpose of preventing the restoration of the monarchy later.

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TranslationsEdit

The translations below need to be checked and inserted above into the appropriate translation tables, removing any numbers. Numbers do not necessarily match those in definitions. See instructions at Help:How to check translations.

VerbEdit

martyr (third-person singular simple present martyrs, present participle martyring, simple past and past participle martyred)

  1. (transitive) To make someone into a martyr by putting him or her to death for adhering to, or acting in accordance with, some belief, especially religious; to sacrifice on account of faith or profession.
  2. (transitive) To persecute.
    Some religious and other minorities were martyred until extinction.
  3. (transitive) To torment; to torture.
    The lovely Amoret, whose gentle heart
    Thou martyrest with sorrow and with smart. — Spenser

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FrenchEdit

EtymologyEdit

From Ecclesiastical Latin martyr, from Ancient Greek μάρτυρ (martyr), later form of μάρτυς (martus, witness).

PronunciationEdit

NounEdit

martyr m (plural martyrs, feminine martyre)

  1. martyr

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JèrriaisEdit

EtymologyEdit

From Ecclesiastical Latin martyr, from Ancient Greek μάρτυρ (martyr), later form of μάρτυς (martus, witness).

NounEdit

martyr m (plural martyrs)

  1. (religion) martyr

LatinEdit

EtymologyEdit

From Ancient Greek μάρτυρ (martyr), later form of μάρτυς (martus, witness).

PronunciationEdit

NounEdit

martyr m, f (genitive martyris); third declension

  1. (Ecclesiastical Latin) martyr, especially a Christian martyr

InflectionEdit

Third declension.

Number Singular Plural
nominative martyr martyrēs
genitive martyris martyrum
dative martyrī martyribus
accusative martyrem martyrēs
ablative martyre martyribus
vocative martyr martyrēs

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NorwegianEdit

EtymologyEdit

From Ecclesiastical Latin martyr, from Ancient Greek μάρτυρ (martyr), later form of μάρτυς (martys, witness).

NounEdit

martyr

  1. A martyr.

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InflectionEdit


SwedishEdit

NounEdit

martyr c

  1. a martyr

DeclensionEdit

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Last modified on 16 April 2014, at 21:04