Last modified on 26 May 2014, at 16:22

mežs

LatgalianEdit

EtymologyEdit

From Proto-Baltic *medya-s and *medis (genitive *meža, also yielding *meža-s by analogy), from Proto-Indo-European *medʰi-, *medʰyo- (middle; in-between).

NounEdit

mežs

  1. forest

LatvianEdit

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 Mežs on Latvian Wikipedia

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Mežs

EtymologyEdit

From earlier *mežas, from parallel forms Proto-Baltic *medya-s and *medis (genitive *meža, also yielding *meža-s by analogy), from Proto-Indo-European *medʰi-, *medʰyo- (middle; in-between). The original meaning was “(that which is) in the middle, in-between” > “forest” (since long ago villages were like little islands between stretches of forest, “what is between (villages)” = “forest”). Cognates include Lithuanian mẽdis (tree, wood), dialectal mẽdžias (tree, forest), Old Prussian median (forest), Sudovian mejdo (tree) (< *mēdo), Proto-Slavic *medya, *medyu (Russian межа (mežá, balk, unplowed strip of land; border; (dial.) little forest), между (méždu, between, in-between), Belarusian, Ukrainian межа (mežá, balk; border; line), Bulgarian межда (meždá), Czech mez, Polish miedza (balk; border)), Old Irish mide (middle), Gothic 𐌼𐌹𐌳𐌾𐌹𐍃 (midjis), Old High German mitti, German Mitte, English middle, Ancient Greek μέσος (mésos), Latin medius. [1]

PronunciationEdit

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NounEdit

mežs m (1st declension)

  1. forest (dense collection of trees and bushes on a stretch of land)
    priežu, egļu mežs — pine, fir forest
    stādīt mežu — to plant a forest
    meža zemenesforest (= wild) strawberries
    meža zvēriforest (= wild) animals
    meža fauna, floraforest fauna, flora
    meža pļavaforest meadow
    meža klajumsforest clearing
    meža cirtējs, mežcirtējs — logger (lit. forest chopper)
    meža ugunsgrēksforest fire
    meža aizsardzībaforest protection
    mežā aug koki, krūmi un zem tiem dažādi sīki augi — in the forest trees and bushes grow, and under them (also) several (kinds of) small plants

DeclensionEdit

Derived termsEdit

Related termsEdit

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ “mežs” in Konstantīns Karulis (1992, 2001), Latviešu Etimoloģijas Vārdnīca, in 2 vols, Rīga: AVOTS, ISBN: 9984-700-12-7