Last modified on 1 July 2014, at 11:38

menca

See also: mencā

LatvianEdit

Menca

EtymologyEdit

From Proto-Baltic *menkyā-, from Proto-Indo-European *menk- (to knead, to crush) (> “to weaken, to make small, low-valued”); the full en remained in Kurzeme dialects (compare, from the same stem, mīksts (soft), mīcīt (to knead), where en > ī), from which it spread to other dialects. The semantic development suggests that this fish was seen as unimportant or low-valued. Cognates include Lithuanian ménkė, dialectal menkia; the same stem is also found in Lithuanian meñkas (minor, small, unimportant, weak).[1]

PronunciationEdit

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NounEdit

menca f (4th declension)

  1. cod, codfish (sea fish, family Gadidae)
    Atlantijas menca — Atlantic cod
    mencu sugascod species (plural)
    mencu zvejacod fishing
    mencu filejacod filet
    kūpināta menca — smoked cod
    menca eļļācodfish in oil

DeclensionEdit

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ “menca” in Konstantīns Karulis (1992, 2001), Latviešu Etimoloģijas Vārdnīca (Rīga: AVOTS) ISBN: 9984-700-12-7.