merit, from Latin mereō (“earn”) + -cracy, from Ancient Greek κράτος (krátos, “strength, power”).
Coined in 1958 by Michael Young, in his book Rise of the Meritocracy.
meritocracy (plural meritocracies)
- Rule by merit, and talent. By extension, now often used to describe a type of society where wealth, income, and social status are assigned through competition.
Though widely used as a term of praise, the term was original coined as a satire, and a critique of awarding educational achievement.
- ↑ 1.0 1.1 Down with meritocracy, by Michael Young, in The Guardian, June 29, 2001.
- ^ Meritocracy's Lab Rat, by Timothy Noah