Last modified on 9 September 2014, at 13:01

miesa

See also: miesā

LatvianEdit

EtymologyEdit

From Proto-Baltic *mēnsa-, from Proto-Indo-European *mēmso- (with dissimilation of the second m), apparently an old reduplicated form of the stem *me-, *mē- (meat, flesh) (i.e. *me-me-s or *me-em(ə)-s > *mēms(o)-). This stem has variants (*mē- > *mei-; cf. maiss) and may have originally been the name of some animal species (cf. *moi-so- (sheep), and secondarily also the source of words for its meat, skin, or limbs. Semantically, miesa became restricted to “flesh” while its synonym gaļa (q.v.) became “meat,” but its original wider meaning can still be seen in the derived term miesnieks (butcher). Cognates include Lithuanian dialectal meisà (meat) (< *mēnsa-), Old Prussian mensā, menso (meat, flesh), Old Church Slavonic мѧсо (męso), Russian мя́со (mjáso), Ukrainian м'я́со (mʺjáso), мня́со (mnjáso), Bulgarian месо́ (mesó), Czech maso, Polish mięso, Slovak mäso, Gothic 𐌼𐌹𐌼𐌶 (mimz) (< *mēm-so-), Sanskrit मांसम् (māṁsam), earlier मांस् (māṁs, meat), Ancient Greek μηρός (mērós, upper leg, thigh) (< *mēs-ro-), μῆνιγξ (mêninks, skin, brain membrane) (< *mēs-no-), Latin membrum (organ, member) (< *mēs-ro-m), membrāna (thin skin, membrane).[1]

PronunciationEdit

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NounEdit

miesa f (4th declension)

  1. (anatomy) flesh, muscle and fat tissue of a human or animal body
    lode skārusi miesu — the bullet hit the flesh
    stingra, raupja miesa — firm, rough flesh
    pieņemties miesās — to increase in the flesh (= to become fatter)
    kristies miesās — to fall in the flesh (= to become thinner)
    mātes miesās — in the mother's womb (lit. flesh, i.e., not yet born)
    miesas uzbūvebodily structure
    miesas krāsaflesh color (pale pink)
    miesas bojājumsbodily injury
    miesas kārība, miesaskārība — lust of the flesh (= sexual desire)

DeclensionEdit

Derived termsEdit

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ “miesa” in Konstantīns Karulis (1992, 2001), Latviešu Etimoloģijas Vārdnīca, in 2 vols, Rīga: AVOTS, ISBN: 9984-700-12-7