Last modified on 26 May 2014, at 16:07

nāve

See also: nave, näve, and nāvē

LatvianEdit

Wikipedia-logo.png
 Nāve on Latvian Wikipedia

Wikipedia lv

Nāve

Alternative formsEdit

  • (dialectal form) nāvs (6th decl.)

EtymologyEdit

Originally an i-stem (*nāvis; cf. dialectal nāvs) changed by analogy into a 5th-declension e-stem; from Proto-Baltic *nāvis, from Proto-Indo-European *nāwis, from the stem *nāu- “death.” There is also a stem *nāu- “boat, ship” (cf. Latin navis, Ancient Greek ναῦς (naûs), Sanskrit नाव (nāva), Scythian nāv- “boat, ship,” Tajik nave “gutter”, Norwegian “hod, trough”). It is possible that these two nāv-'s were originally one stem, with the meaning “timber, tree” (cf. Sanskrit वन (vana) “timber, tree, forest”, apparently with metathesis of v and n), from which the meaning would change in two ways: on the one hand, “timber, tree” > “dug-out tree” > “boat, ship”, and, on the other hand, “timber, tree” > “tree stump, dead tree” > “dead body; death.” Cognates include Lithuanian nõvis (death), nõvė (slaughtering, killing; unknown disease; yoke; coertion), Old Prussian nowis (body, flesh), Russian dialectal навей (navej), навь (navʹ), навье (návej, nav’, nav’je, corpse, dead body), Czech archaic nav (tomb, hell, beyond), Gothic 𐌽𐌰𐌿𐍃 (naus, dead body, corpse), genitive 𐌽𐌰𐍅𐌹𐍃 (nawis), Breton naoun (hunger) (< Proto-Celtic *novis).[1]

PronunciationEdit

Headset icon.svg This entry needs audio files. If you have a microphone, please record some and upload them. (For audio required quickly, visit WT:APR.)

NounEdit

nāve f (5th declension)

  1. death (the end of life, of a lifetime)
    dzīvības un nāves jautājums — a question of life and death
    atra, drīza nāve — early death
    viegla nāve — easy death
    mokpilna nāve — torturous death
    dabiska, pēkšņa nāvenatural, sudden death
    klīniska nāveclinical death
    bada nāve — hunger death (= starvation)
    nāves diena, brīdis — day, time of death
    sodīt ar nāvi — to punish with death
    piespriest nāvi — to sentence to death
    nāves sods, nāvessods — death penalty
    izglābties no (drošas) nāves — to escape (certain) death
    mirt varoņa nāve — to die a hero's death
    mirt traģiskā nāvē — to die a tragic death
    līdz nāvei — to the death, till death
    dzīvības un nāves dialektiskā vienība — the dialectical unity of life and death
    galvenie nāves cēloņi ir asinsrites orgānu slimības, ļaundabīgie audzēji un nelaimes gadījumi — the main causes of death are circulatory system diseases, cancers and accidents

DeclensionEdit

Derived termsEdit

Related termsEdit

See alsoEdit

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ “nāve” in Konstantīns Karulis (1992, 2001), Latviešu Etimoloģijas Vārdnīca, in 2 vols, Rīga: AVOTS, ISBN: 9984-700-12-7