noteikt

LatvianEdit

EtymologyEdit

From no- +‎ teikt (to say, to tell).

PronunciationEdit

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VerbEdit

noteikt tr., 1st conj., pres. noteicu, noteic, noteic, past noteicu

  1. to say, to state, to declare (with conviction)
    pēc vakariņām saimniece noteica: “nu jāiet gulēt” — after dinner the lady said: “now (we) should go to bed”
    Nestors noteica, ka viņš neiešot vakarā mājās — Nestors stated, declared that he was not going home in the evening (i.e., he will continue working)
  2. to tell, to state firmly, to determine, to decide (with conviction, applying pressure)
    Māte stingri noteica: “un tā kā neaizmirsti nosūtīt vēstuli viņa mātei” — Mother firmly stated: “so, don't forget to send a letter to his mother”
    ķēniņš nu Mazajam Pēterim cieti noteica, ja līdz pusdienai tilts nebūšot gatavs, tad likšot tam galvu nocirst — the king determined, stated to Little Peter that if the bridge wasn't ready by noon, then he would have his head cut off
  3. to determine (to choose, to adopt as obligatory, to be enforced, to have force of law)
    noteikt izbraukšanas dienu — to determine the date of departure
    noteikt grāmatas tirāžu — to determine the (number of copies in) circulation of a book
    pedagoģiskās padomes sēdēm noteikta viena stunda, bet pārējām apspriedēm tikai pusstunda laika — for pedagogical council meetings one hour is set, determined, and for other consultations only half an hour
  4. to determine, to prescribe (to mark something as necessary, important to someone, to be used by someone; especially a doctor to a patient)
    noteikt slimniekam diētu — to determine the patient's diet
    apskatījis slimnieku, ārsts noteica tam slimnīcas režīmu — after examining the patient, the doctor prescribed hospital treatment for him
  5. to determine (to be a prerequisite for something, to be a factor on which something depends)
    sacensības kā jau sacensības: rezultātus noteic griba, māka un pules — competition is competition: will, skill and effort determine the results
    viņu bērnu nākotni noteiks tēvu naudas maku biezums, dzimtas vārds un pašu darbīgums — the thickness of his father's wallet, the family name and activity (work) will determine the son's future
  6. to determine, to establish, to measure, to identify, to clarify
    noteikt ceļa garumu — to determine the length of the road
    noteikt debespuses — to determine the cardinal points
    noteikt auga sugu — to determine, to identify the plant species
    noteikt augsnes sastāvu — to determine the soil composition
    noteikt koka vecumu — to determine the age of a tree
    un kas var īsti precīzi noteikt, cik ilgs laiks ziedots vienam vai otram darbam? — and who can really precisely determine how much time (was) dedicated to this or that (literary) work?

ConjugationEdit

Usage notesEdit

The verbs nosacīt and noteikt seem to be near-perfect synonyms. Note, however, that the present tense forms of noteikt are often not used; the correspoding forms of nosacīt are much more frequent.

SynonymsEdit

  • nosacīt

Derived termsEdit

  • noteikums
Last modified on 19 September 2013, at 11:07