Last modified on 28 May 2014, at 22:43
See also: odzē

LatvianEdit

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 Odze on Latvian Wikipedia

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Odze

Alternative formsEdit

  • (dialectal form) odzs

EtymologyEdit

Originally the 5th-declension parallel (analogical) form of an earlier 6th-declension (feminine i-stem) form *odzis (cf. dialectal odzs), from Proto-Baltic *angis, from Proto-Indo-European *angʷʰi-, *h₂éngʷʰis (snake, worm). Cognates include Lithuanian angìs, Old Prussian angis (snake), Proto-Slavic *ǫžь (snake) (Russian уж (, grass snake), Belarusian, Ukrainian вуж (vuž), Czech užovka (adder), Polish wąż (snake)), Sanskrit अहिः (áhiḥ, snake), Old Armenian իժ (, viper), Ancient Greek ἔχις (ékhis), ὄφις (óphis, snake) (< *ogʷhis), Latin anguis (snake, dragon).[1]

PronunciationEdit

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NounEdit

odze f (5th declension)

  1. viper, adder (poisonous snake with triangular head, especially Vipera berus)
    odze ir vienīgā indīgā čūska Latvijā — the viper is the only poisonous snake in Latvia
    krāsa odzei ļoti variē: pelēcīgi brūna, sarkanīgi brūna, zaļganīgi brūna vai dzeltenīgi brūna — the color of the viper varies a lot: grayish brown, reddish brown, greenish brown or yellowish brown
  2. (figuratively) bad, evil person
    “ak tu, odze!” Kaspars dusmās grieza zobus — oh, you, viper! Kaspars gnashed his teeth in anger

DeclensionEdit

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ “odze” in Konstantīns Karulis (1992, 2001), Latviešu Etimoloģijas Vārdnīca (Rīga: AVOTS) ISBN: 9984-700-12-7.