What appeared here, at the center of the Pythagorean tradition in philosophy, is another view of psyche that seems to owe little or nothing to the pan-vitalism or pan-deism (seetheion) that is the legacy of the Milesians.
1975: Helmut Dahm, Vladimir Solovyev and Max Scheler: Attempt at a Comparative Interpretation : a Contribution to the History of Phenomenology, page 154:
As opposed to this the essentially possible interpretation of the world-ground in the sense of a theistic (deifying) pan-vitalism breaks down at the "phenomenon of death" both for Dostoyevsky and Solovyev.
2006, John F. Haught, Is Nature Enough? Meaning and Truth in the Age of Science, page 72:
And unless the universe is thought of as essentially lifeless, might there not be a regressive return to pre-scientific pan-vitalism?