Last modified on 1 November 2014, at 18:48

parliament

See also: Parliament

EnglishEdit

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EtymologyEdit

From Medieval Latin parlamentum and its sources, Anglo-Norman and Old French parlement (discussion, meeting, assembly, council), from parler (to speak), and -ment (mind).

PronunciationEdit

NounEdit

parliament (plural parliaments)

  1. Meanings relating to a political body authorized to exercise governmental powers.
    1. An institution whose elected or appointed members meet to debate the major political issues of the day and usually to exercise legislative powers and sometimes judicial powers.
      • 2011 December 14, Angelique Chrisafis, “Rachida Dati accuses French PM of sexism and elitism”, The Guardian:
        The row started over who will run for parliament in a wealthy rightwing constituency on the left bank in Paris, a safe seat for Sarkozy's ruling UMP. Dati is already a local mayor in the neighbourhood, a job felt to have been handed to her on a plate when she was a Sarkozy favourite. She has since fallen from grace, and when she left government she took a European parliament seat, considered a consolation prize.
    2. A group of representatives of the people elected or appointed to serve as a parliament (in sense 1 above) for a certain period of time. In this sense the word is commonly used with an ordinal number (for example, first parliament and 12th parliament) or a descriptive adjective (for example, Long Parliament, Short Parliament and Rump Parliament).
      Following the general election, Jane Doe took her oath of office as a member of the nation's fifth parliament.
      • 1633, John Hay editor, The Acts Made in the First Parliament of our Most High and Dread Soveraigne Charles, by the Grace of God, King of Great Britaine, France, and Ireland, Defender of the Faith, &c.: Holden by Himselfe, Present in Person, with His Three Estates, at Edinburgh, upon the Twentie Eight Day of Iune, Anno Domini 1633, Edinburgh: Printed by Robert Young, printer to the Kings most excellent Maiestie, OCLC 606535094:
        The acts made in the first Parliament of our most high and dread soveraigne Charles [I], by the grace of God, King of Great Britaine, France, and Ireland, defender of the faith, &c. [] [book title]
      • 1834, Walter Scott, Tales of a Grandfather; being Stories Taken from Scottish History: Humbly Inscribed to Hugh Littlejohn, Esq. Second Series, in Two Volumes [Waverley Tales; 49][1], volume I, edition Parker's, Boston, Mass.: Samuel H[ale] Parker, OCLC 191248677, page 223:
        [T]he army under Lambert again thrust the Rump Parliament out of doors, and commenced a new military government, by means of a committee of officers, called the Council of Safety.
  2. A collective noun for a flock of owls or rooks.
  3. (historical) Parliament cake; a type of gingerbread.
    • 1869, RD Blackmoore, Lorna Doone, Chapter II:
      A certain boy leaning up against me would not allow my elbow room, and struck me very sadly in the stomach part, though his own was full of my parliament.

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