Last modified on 17 April 2014, at 03:04

penetrate

EnglishEdit

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EtymologyEdit

From Latin penetratus, past participle of penetrare (to put, set, or place within, enter, pierce, penetrate), from penes (within, with) + -trare (as in intrare (to go in, enter), from intra (within)).

PronunciationEdit

  • (file)

VerbEdit

penetrate (third-person singular simple present penetrates, present participle penetrating, simple past and past participle penetrated)

  1. To enter into; to make way into the interior of; to pierce.
    Light penetrates darkness.
    • 1879, Th Du Moncel, The Telephone, the Microphone and the Phonograph, Harper, page 166:
      He takes the prepared charcoal used by artists, brings it to a white heat, and suddenly plunges it in a bath of mercury, of which the globules instantly penetrate the pores of charcoal, and may be said to metallize it.
  2. (figuratively) To achieve understanding of, despite some obstacle; to comprehend; to understand.
    I could not penetrate Burke's opaque rhetoric.
    • Ray
      things which here were too subtile for us to penetrate
  3. To affect profoundly through the senses or feelings; to move deeply.
    to penetrate one's heart with pity
    • M. Arnold
      The translator of Homer should penetrate himself with a sense of the plainness and directness of Homer's style.
    (Can we find and add a quotation of Shakespeare to this entry?)
  4. To infiltrate an enemy to gather intelligence.
  5. To insert the penis into an opening, such as a vagina or anus.

Derived termsEdit

TranslationsEdit

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External linksEdit


EsperantoEdit

PronunciationEdit

VerbEdit

penetrate

  1. present adverbial passive participle of penetri

ItalianEdit

VerbEdit

penetrate

  1. second-person plural present indicative of penetrare
  2. second-person plural imperative of penetrare
  3. feminine plural of penetrato

LatinEdit

VerbEdit

penētrāte

  1. second-person plural present active imperative of penētrō