Last modified on 19 July 2014, at 05:50

perfect

English

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A drawing that can be perceived by the human eye as a perfect circle, despite being made of pixels that are visible through close inspection. The circle depicted in this image is, however, perfectly (i.e., completely) black.

Alternative forms

  • (abbreviation, grammar): pf.

Etymology 1

From Middle English perfit, from Old French parfit (modern: parfait), from Latin perfectus, perfect passive participle of perficere (to finish), from per- (through, thorough) + facere (to do, to make). Spelling modified 15c. to conform Latin etymology.

Pronunciation

  • (UK) IPA(key): /ˈpɜː(ɹ).fɪkt/, /ˈpɜː(ɹ).fɛkt/
  • (US) IPA(key): /ˈpɝːfɪkt/, /ˈpɝːfɛkt/
  • (file)

Adjective

perfect (comparative more perfect, superlative most perfect)

  1. Fitting its definition precisely.
    a perfect circle
  2. Having all of its parts in harmony with a common purpose.
    That bucket with the hole in the bottom is a poor bucket, but it is perfect for watering plants.
  3. Without fault or mistake; thoroughly skilled or talented.
    Practice makes perfect.
  4. Excellent and delightful in all respects.
    a perfect day
    • 1879, Richard Jefferies, chapter 1, The Amateur Poacher:
      They burned the old gun that used to stand in the dark corner up in the garret, close to the stuffed fox that always grinned so fiercely. Perhaps the reason why he seemed in such a ghastly rage was that he did not come by his death fairly. Otherwise his pelt would not have been so perfect.
  5. (grammar, of a tense or verb form) Representing a completed action.
  6. (biology) Sexually mature and fully differentiated.
  7. (botany) Of flowers, having both male (stamens) and female (carpels) parts.
  8. (analysis) Of a set, that it is equal to its set of limit points, i.e. set A is perfect if A=A'.
  9. (music) Describing an interval or any compound interval of a unison, octave, or fourths and fifths that are not tritones.
  10. (of a cocktail) Made with equal parts of sweet and dry vermouth.
    a perfect Manhattan;   a perfect Rob Roy
  11. (obsolete) Well informed; certain; sure.
Synonyms
Antonyms
Derived terms
Related terms
Translations
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Noun

perfect (plural perfects)

  1. (grammar) The perfect tense, or a form in that tense.

Etymology 2

From perfect (adjective) or from Latin perfectus

Pronunciation

Verb

perfect (third-person singular simple present perfects, present participle perfecting, simple past and past participle perfected)

  1. (transitive) To make perfect; to improve or hone.
    I am going to perfect this article.
    You spend too much time trying to perfect your dancing.
  2. (law) To take an action, usually the filing of a document in the correct venue, that secures a legal right.
    perfect an appeal; perfect an interest; perfect a judgment
Synonyms
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Dutch

Pronunciation

Adjective

perfect (comparative perfecter, superlative perfectst)

  1. perfect

Declension

Adverb

perfect

  1. perfectly

Romanian

Etymology

Borrowed from Latin perfectus, German perfekt.

Pronunciation

Adjective

perfect 4 nom/acc forms

  1. perfect, flawless

Declension

Antonyms

Adverb

perfect

  1. perfectly, completely

Noun

perfect n

  1. (perfect simplu) preterite tense, simple perfect
  2. (perfect compus) compound perfect tense