petitio principii

EnglishEdit

EtymologyEdit

From Latin petitio principii (literally an assumption from the beginning), calque of Ancient Greek τὸ ἐν ἀρχῇ αἰτεῖσθαι (to en archē aetīsthae, to assume from the beginning).

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NounEdit

petitio principii

  1. (philosophy, logic, uncountable) The logical fallacy of begging the question.
  2. (philosophy, logic, countable) A particular argument which commits the fallacy of begging the question; a circular argument.
    • 1869, C. S. Pierce, "Grounds of Validity of the laws of Logic: Further Consequences of Four Incapacities." Journal of Speculative Philosophy.
      A somewhat similar objection has been made by Locke and others, to the effect that the ordinary demonstrative syllogism is a petitio principii.
Last modified on 3 April 2014, at 00:42