Last modified on 29 May 2014, at 18:58

pirksts

LatvianEdit

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 Pirksts on Latvian Wikipedia

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EtymologyEdit

From Proto-Baltic *pirštas (perhaps Proto-Balto-Slavic *pirstas[1]), from Proto-Indo-European *per (over) (whence also Latvian par, q.v.) in its reduced grade *pr̥, with *stā- (to stand) (whence also Latvian stāt (to stop), q.v.). The original meaning was therefore “(the one(s)) standing in front, directed to(ward) the front.” Cognates include Lithuanian pir̃štas, Old Prussian pīrsten (probably masculine accusative), nagepristis (toe nails, claws) (< *nagepirstis), Proto-Slavic *prьstъ (Russian archaic перст (perst), Ukrainian перст (perst), Upper Sorbian porst, Bulgarian пръст (prǎst), Czech prst, Polish parst), Old High German first (spike, protuberance), German First (ridge, top), Sanskrit पृष्ठम् (pṛṣṭhám, back, tip, ending), Avestan [script?] (paršta-, backbone, spine), Latin postis (post, doorpost) (< *porstis “the one standing in front”).[2]

NounEdit

pirksts m (1st declension)

  1. (anatomy) finger, toe (movable extremities of the hand or foot)
    slaidi, gari pirksti — long, slender fingers
    līki pirksti — crooked fingers
    pirksta locītava — knuckle (lit. finger joint)
    pirksta kauli, galifinger bones, tips
    pirkstu nospiedumsfingerprint
    lielais pirksts — big toe
    rādītāja pirksts, rādītājpirksts — index (lit. showing) finger
    vidējais pirksts — middle finger
    skaitīt uz pirkstiem — to count on one's fingers
  2. finger (parts of a glove that cover the fingers)
    noadīt cimda pirkstu — to knit a glove finger
  3. elongated component or part of a mechanism
    virzuļa pirksts — piston (connecting) rod

DeclensionEdit

Derived termsEdit

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ Ronald Kim (forth.), The phonology of Balto-Slavic, In: Handbook of Indo-European Studies, ed. M. Weiss & A. Garrett, OUP
  2. ^ “pirksts” in Konstantīns Karulis (1992, 2001), Latviešu Etimoloģijas Vārdnīca (Rīga: AVOTS) ISBN: 9984-700-12-7.