Last modified on 17 September 2014, at 09:16

plunder

See also: Plunder

EnglishEdit

EtymologyEdit

Recorded since 1632 (during the Thirty Years War, native British use since the Cromwellian Civil War), from Hutterisch plunderen (to plunder, originally "to take away household furniture") (Dutch plunderen) from plunder (household goods, clothes; lumber, baggage); akin to Middle Dutch plunder (household goods), West Frisian plunje and Dutch plunje (clothes).

PronunciationEdit

VerbEdit

plunder (third-person singular simple present plunders, present participle plundering, simple past and past participle plundered)

  1. (transitive) To pillage, take or destroy all the goods of, by force (as in war); to raid, sack.
    The mercenaries plundered the small town.
    The shopkeeper was plundered of his possessions by the burglar.
  2. (transitive) To take (goods) by pillage.
    The mercenaries plundered all the goods they found.
  3. (intransitive) To take by force or wrongfully; to commit robbery or looting, to raid.
    "Now to plunder, mateys!" screamed a buccaneer, to cries of "Arrgh!" and "Aye!" all around.
  4. (transitive) To make extensive (over)use of, as if by plundering; to use or use up wrongfully.
    The miners plundered the jungle for its diamonds till it became a muddy waste.

Derived termsEdit

TranslationsEdit

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NounEdit

plunder (uncountable)

  1. An instance of plundering
  2. The loot attained by plundering
    The Hessian kept his choicest plunder in a sack that never left his person, for fear that his comrades would steal it.
  3. (slang, dated) baggage; luggage

TranslationsEdit


DutchEdit

Etymology 1Edit

Germanic, from Middle Dutch, cognate with the other etymology, English to plunder, German plündern and Swedish plundra

Alternative formsEdit

NounEdit

plunder c (plural plunders, diminutive plundertje n)

  1. One's property, (collective) possessions,
    1. Notably furniture and other (mainly small) home inventory
SynonymsEdit
Derived termsEdit

Etymology 2Edit

cognate with the above and English to plunder

VerbEdit

plunder

  1. first-person singular present indicative of plunderen
  2. imperative of plunderen