Last modified on 8 December 2014, at 01:13

primary

EnglishEdit

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EtymologyEdit

Borrowing from Latin prīmārius (of the first”, “of the first rank”, “chief”, “principal”, “excellent), from prīmus (“first”; whence the English adjective prime) + -ārius (whence the English suffix -ary); compare the French primaire, primer, and premier.

PronunciationEdit

AdjectiveEdit

primary (comparative more primary, superlative most primary)

  1. The first in a group or series.
    Children attend primary school, and teenagers attend secondary school.
    • Bishop Pearson
      the church of Christ, in its primary institution
    • John Locke
      These I call original, or primary, qualities of body.
  2. Main; principal; placed ahead of others.
    Preferred stock has primary claim on dividends, ahead of common stock.
  3. (geology) Earliest formed; fundamental.
  4. (chemistry) Illustrating, possessing, or characterized by, some quality or property in the first degree; having undergone the first stage of substitution or replacement.
  5. (medicine) idiopathic

Derived termsEdit

TranslationsEdit

The translations below need to be checked and inserted above into the appropriate translation tables, removing any numbers. Numbers do not necessarily match those in definitions. See instructions at Help:How to check translations.

See alsoEdit

NounEdit

primary (plural primaries)

  1. A primary election; a preliminary election to select a political candidate of a political party.
  2. The first year of grade school.
  3. A base or fundamental component; something that is irreducible.
  4. The most massive component of a gravitationally bound system.
  5. A primary school.
    • 2001, David Woods, Martyn Cribb, Effective LEAs and school improvement
      Excellence in Cities offers a further development of this approach, whereby secondary schools operate with small clusters of primaries as mini-EAZs.
  6. (ornithology) Any flight feather attached to the manus (hand) of a bird.
  7. A primary colour.
    • 2003, Julie A Jacko, Andrew Sears, The human-computer interaction handbook
      By adding and subtracting the three primaries, cyan, yellow, and magenta are produced. These are called subtractive primaries.
  8. (electronics) A directly driven inductive coil, as in a transformer or induction motor that is magnetically coupled to a secondary

TranslationsEdit

The translations below need to be checked and inserted above into the appropriate translation tables, removing any numbers. Numbers do not necessarily match those in definitions. See instructions at Help:How to check translations.

VerbEdit

primary (third-person singular simple present primaries, present participle primarying, simple past and past participle primaried)

  1. (US, intransitive) To take part in a primary election.
  2. (US, politics) To challenge an incumbent sitting politician for their political party's endorsement to run for re-election, through running a challenger campaign in a primary election

External linksEdit