pugio

EnglishEdit

Reconstructed Roman pugio.

EtymologyEdit

From Latin pugiō.

NounEdit

pugio (plural pugios)

  1. a dagger, poignard, especially the kind used by the Ancient Romans.
    • 1786 — Francis Grose, A Treatise on Ancient Armour and Weapons, page 34.
      The Pugio or Dagger was used by the Romans, a species of that weapon called the Hand Seax was worn by the Saxons, with which they massacred the English on Salisbury Plain in 476.

LatinEdit

EtymologyEdit

From Proto-Indo-European *peuǵ-, *peuḱ- (prick, punch), same source as Ancient Greek πυγμή (pygmē, fist).

PronunciationEdit

NounEdit

pugiō m (genitive pugiōnis); third declension

  1. a dagger
    • c. 100 CE – 110 CE, Tacitus, Histories 4.29
      multos in moenia egressos pugionibus fodere.
      Many, who had struggled on to the walls, with their short swords they stabbed.

InflectionEdit

Third declension.

Number Singular Plural
nominative pugiō pugiōnēs
genitive pugiōnis pugiōnum
dative pugiōnī pugiōnibus
accusative pugiōnem pugiōnēs
ablative pugiōne pugiōnibus
vocative pugiō pugiōnēs

Derived termsEdit

DescendantsEdit

Last modified on 17 April 2014, at 11:43