Last modified on 21 September 2014, at 13:37

refuse

See also: refusé and re-fuse

EnglishEdit

Etymology 1Edit

Apparently from Old French refuse (French refusé), past participle of refuser (to refuse), as Etymology 2, below.

PronunciationEdit

AdjectiveEdit

refuse (comparative more refuse, superlative most refuse)

  1. Discarded, rejected.

NounEdit

refuse (uncountable)

  1. Collectively, items or material that have been discarded; rubbish, garbage.
SynonymsEdit
TranslationsEdit

Etymology 2Edit

From Old French refuser, from Vulgar Latin *refusare, a blend of Classical Latin refutō and recusō.

PronunciationEdit

VerbEdit

refuse (third-person singular simple present refuses, present participle refusing, simple past and past participle refused)

  1. (transitive) To decline (a request or demand).
    My request for a pay rise was refused.
    I refuse to listen to this nonsense any more.
    • Bible, Isa. i. 20
      If ye refuse [] ye shall be devoured with the sword.
    • 2011 September 27, Alistair Magowan, “Bayern Munich 2 - 0 Man City”, BBC Sport:
      City were outclassed thereafter and Roberto Mancini said that substitute Carlos Tevez refused to play.
  2. (intransitive) To decline a request or demand, forbear; to withhold permission.
    I asked the star if I could have her autograph, but she refused.
  3. (military) To throw back, or cause to keep back (as the centre, a wing, or a flank), out of the regular alignment when troops are about to engage the enemy.
    to refuse the right wing while the left wing attacks
  4. (obsolete, transitive) To disown.
    • Shakespeare
      Refuse thy name.
Usage notesEdit
SynonymsEdit
TranslationsEdit

NounEdit

refuse

  1. (obsolete) refusal
    (Can we find and add a quotation of Fairfax to this entry?)

FrenchEdit

VerbEdit

refuse

  1. first-person singular present indicative of refuser
  2. third-person singular present indicative of refuser
  3. first-person singular present subjunctive of refuser
  4. third-person singular present subjunctive of refuser
  5. second-person singular imperative of refuser

AnagramsEdit