Last modified on 4 August 2014, at 11:51
See also: Roll

EnglishEdit

EtymologyEdit

PronunciationEdit

VerbEdit

roll (third-person singular simple present rolls, present participle rolling, simple past and past participle rolled)

  1. (ergative) To cause to revolve by turning over and over; to move by turning on an axis; to impel forward by causing to turn over and over on a supporting surface.
    To roll a wheel, a ball, or a barrel.
    • Shakespeare
      And her foot, look you, is fixed upon a spherical stone, which rolls, and rolls, and rolls.
    • 1922, James Joyce, Ulysses Chapter 13
      The gentleman aimed the ball once or twice and then threw it up the strand towards Cissy Caffrey but it rolled down the slope and stopped right under Gerty's skirt near the little pool by the rock.
  2. (transitive) To wrap (something) round on itself; to form into a spherical or cylindrical body by causing to turn over and over.
    To roll a sheet of paper; to roll clay or putty into a ball.
  3. (transitive) To bind or involve by winding, as in a bandage; to enwrap; often with up.
    To roll up the map for shipping.
  4. (intransitive) To be wound or formed into a cylinder or ball.
    The cloth rolls unevenly; the snow rolls well.
  5. (ergative) To drive or impel forward with an easy motion, as of rolling.
    This river will roll its waters to the ocean.
  6. (ergative) To utter copiously, especially with sounding words; to utter with a deep sound; — often with forth, or out.
    To roll forth someone's praises; to roll out sentences.
  7. To press or level with a roller; to spread or form with a roll, roller, or rollers.
    to roll a field to roll paste to roll steel rails.
  8. (intransitive) To spread itself under a roller or rolling-pin.
    The pastry rolls well.
  9. (ergative) To move, or cause to be moved, upon, or by means of, rollers or small wheels.
    • 1898, Winston Churchill, chapter 5, The Celebrity:
      We expressed our readiness, and in ten minutes were in the station wagon, rolling rapidly down the long drive, for it was then after nine. We passed on the way the van of the guests from Asquith.
    • 2013 June 1, “Ideas coming down the track”, The Economist, volume 407, number 8838, page 13 (Technology Quarterly): 
      A “moving platform” scheme [] is more technologically ambitious than maglev trains even though it relies on conventional rails. Local trains would use side-by-side rails to roll alongside intercity trains and allow passengers to switch trains by stepping through docking bays.
  10. (chiefly US, Canada, colloquial) To leave or begin a journey.
    I want to get there early; let's roll.
  11. (chiefly US, Canada, colloquial) To compete, especially with vigor.
    OK guys, we're only down by two points. Let's roll!
  12. To beat with rapid, continuous strokes, as a drum; to sound a roll upon.
  13. (geometry) To apply (one line or surface) to another without slipping; to bring all the parts of (one line or surface) into successive contact with another, in such a manner that at every instant the parts that have been in contact are equal.
  14. To turn over in one's mind; to revolve.
  15. (US, slang) To behave in a certain way; to adopt a general disposition toward a situation.
    I was going to kick his ass, but he wasn't worth getting all worked up over; I don't roll like that.
    • 2006, Chris McKenna, "Kids at party chant as police sergeant is beaten by angry teens", Times Herald-Record (Middletown, NY), Tuesday, November 21, [1].
      "This is how we roll in Spring Valley," one teen reportedly boasted.
  16. (gaming, transitive, intransitive) To throw dice.
  17. (gaming, transitive) To roll dice such that they form a given pattern or total.
    If you roll doubles, you get an extra turn.
    With two dice, you're more likely to roll seven than ten.
  18. To have a rolling aspect.
    the hills rolled on
  19. (gaming) To create a new character in a role-playing game.
    I'm gonna go and roll a new shaman tonight.
  20. (computing) To generate a random number.
  21. To turn over and over.
    The child will roll on the floor.
  22. To tumble in gymnastics.
  23. (nautical, of a vessel) To rotate on its fore-and-aft axis, causing its sides to go up and down. Compare with pitch.
  24. (transitive) To beat up.
    • 2006, Elizabeth Gaffney, Metropolis‎, page 422:
      They rolled him for his money, and that would have been that, but the guy tried to fight back.
  25. (transitive, slang) To cause to betray secrets or to testify for the prosecution.
    The feds rolled him by giving him a free pass for most of what he'd done.
  26. (intransitive, slang) To betray secrets.
    He rolled on those guys after being in jail two days.
  27. (informal) To act.
  28. (slang) To be under the influence of MDMA (a psychedelic stimulant, also known as ecstasy).
    • 2000, Michael Sunstar, Underground Rave Dance,[2] Writers Club Press, ISBN 9780595156115, page 15:
      Cindy replied, “Wow, that’s great. Did you try E at those parties?” Steel said, “Oh yeah. I was rolling hard at the Willy Wonka party.”
    • 2003, Karin Slaughter, A Faint Cold Fear (novel), HarperCollins, ISBN 978-0-688-17458-3, page 169:
      The crowd was rolling on Ecstasy, and the lights enhanced the experience. [] He would use it to keep his teeth from chattering while he was rolling.
    • a. 2007, unidentified Internet user quoted in Joseph A. Kotarba, “Music as a Feature of the Online Discussion of Illegal Drugs”, in Edward Murguía et al. (editors), Real Drugs in a Virtual World: Drug Discourse and Community Online, Lexington Books (2007), ISBN 978-0-7391-1455-1
      So the quesion is When you are rolling what gets you in that “ecstasy” state more: hard pounding energetic music or smoother and gentler music? Personally for me its gentler music because when I’m rolling my mind can’t really keep up with all the hard pounding intriquet sounds []
  29. (intransitive, of a camera) To film.
    The cameras are rolling.
  30. (transitive) This word needs a definition. Please help out and add a definition, then remove the text {{rfdef}}.
    • 2012 April 15, Phil McNulty, “Tottenham 1-5 Chelsea”, BBC:
      So it was against the run of play that their London rivals took the lead two minutes before the interval through Drogba. He rolled William Gallas inside the area before flashing a stunning finish high past keeper Carlo Cudicini.
  31. To perform a periodical revolution; to move onward as with a revolution.
    The years roll on.
  32. To move, like waves or billows, with alternate swell and depression.
    • Prior
      what different sorrows did within thee roll
  33. To make a loud or heavy rumbling noise.
    The thunder rolled and the lightning flashed.
  34. This word needs a definition. Please help out and add a definition, then remove the text {{rfdef}}.

Derived termsEdit

TranslationsEdit

NounEdit

roll (plural rolls)

  1. The act of rolling, or state of being rolled.
    the roll of a ball
    Look at the roll of the waves.
  2. That which rolls; a roller.
    1. A heavy cylinder used to break clods.
    2. One of a set of revolving cylinders, or rollers, between which metal is pressed, formed, or smoothed, as in a rolling mill.
      to pass rails through the rolls
    3. That which is rolled up.
      a roll of fat, of wool, paper, cloth, etc.
    4. A document written on a piece of parchment, paper, or other materials which may be rolled up; a scroll.
      • Prior
        Busy angels spread / The lasting roll, recording what we say.
    5. Hence, an official or public document; a register; a record; also, a catalogue; a list.
      • Sir M. Hale
        The rolls of Parliament, the entry of the petitions, answers, and transactions in Parliament, are extant.
      • Sir J. Davies
        The roll and list of that army doth remain.
    6. A quantity of cloth wound into a cylindrical form.
      a roll of carpeting; a roll of ribbon
    7. A cylindrical twist of tobacco.
  3. A kind of shortened raised biscuit or bread, often rolled or doubled upon itself.
  4. (nautical) The oscillating movement of a nautical vessel as it rotates from side to side, on its fore-and-aft axis, causing its sides to go up and down, as distinguished from the alternate rise and fall of bow and stern called pitching. The measure or extent to which a vessel does this.
  5. A heavy, reverberatory sound.
    Hear the roll of cannon.
    Hear the roll of thunder.
  6. The uniform beating of a drum with strokes so rapid as scarcely to be distinguished by the ear.
  7. (obsolete) Part; office; duty; rôle.
    (Can we find and add a quotation of L'Estrange to this entry?)
  8. A measure of parchments, containing five dozen.
    • 1882, James Edwin Thorold Rogers, A History of Agriculture and Prices in England, Volume 4, p. 594:
      Parchement is sold by the dozen, and by the roll of five dozens.
  9. the rotation angle about the longitudinal axis
    Calculate the roll of that aircraft.
  10. The act of, or total resulting from, rolling one or more dice.
    Make your roll.
    Whoever gets the highest roll moves first.
  11. A winning streak of continuing luck, especially at gambling (and especially in the phrase on a roll).
    He is on a roll tonight.
  12. A training match for a fighting dog.

Derived termsEdit

TranslationsEdit

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See alsoEdit

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SwedishEdit

PronunciationEdit

NounEdit

roll c

  1. role
  2. roll - the rotation angle about the longitudinal axis

DeclensionEdit

Derived termsEdit