rudzi

LatvianEdit

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 Rudzi on Latvian Wikipedia

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Rudzi

EtymologyEdit

From Proto-Baltic *rugi-, from Proto-Indo-European *urugʰya-, *urugʰyo- (rye), itself perhaps a borrowing from a Far Eastern language. Cognates include Lithuanian rugỹs, rugiaĩ, Old Prussian rugis, ruggis, Proto-Slavic *rъžь (Russian, Ukrainian рожь (rož'), Bulgarian ръж (rǎž), Czech rež, Polish reż), Proto-Germanic *rughi- (Old High German rocko, German Roggen, Dutch rogge, Old English ryge, English rye, Old Norse rugr, Swedish råg, Danish rug).[1]

PronunciationEdit

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NounEdit

rudzi m (1st declension)

  1. rye (a grass, Secale sereale, or its grains, used for food or fodder)
    sēt, pļaut rudzus — to sow, to mow rye
    lopi sagājuši rudzos — the animals went into the rye (field)
    pūrs rudzu — portion of rye
    malt rudzus — to pound rye
    rudzu maizerye bread

DeclensionEdit

Usage notesEdit

There is a singular form rudzis, only sporadically attested (usually to refer to the plant).

Derived termsEdit

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ “rudzi” in Konstantīns Karulis (1992, 2001), Latviešu Etimoloģijas Vārdnīca (Rīga: AVOTS) ISBN: 9984-700-12-7.
Last modified on 12 January 2014, at 22:34