From Proto-Baltic *rugi-, from Proto-Indo-European *urugʰya-, *urugʰyo- (“rye”), itself perhaps a borrowing from a Far Eastern language. Cognates include Lithuanian rugỹs, rugiaĩ, Old Prussian rugis, ruggis, Proto-Slavic *rъžь (Russian, Ukrainian рожь (rož'), Bulgarian ръж (rǎž), Czech rež, Polish reż), Proto-Germanic *rughi- (Old High German rocko, German Roggen, Dutch rogge, Old English ryge, English rye, Old Norse rugr, Swedish råg, Danish rug).
rudzi m (1st declension)
- rye (a grass, Secale sereale, or its grains, used for food or fodder)
- sēt, pļaut rudzus — to sow, to mow rye
- lopi sagājuši rudzos — the animals went into the rye (field)
- pūrs rudzu — portion of rye
- malt rudzus — to pound rye
- rudzu maize — rye bread
There is a singular form rudzis, only sporadically attested (usually to refer to the plant).
- ^ “rudzi” in Konstantīns Karulis (1992, 2001), Latviešu Etimoloģijas Vārdnīca, in 2 vols, Rīga: AVOTS, ISBN: 9984-700-12-7