sūkt

See also: ṣukt

LatvianEdit

EtymologyEdit

This word results from the conflation of two independent stems: Proto-Indo-European *sew-, *sū-, *su- (juice, moisture; to press juice; to suck) with an extra -k, yielding Proto-Baltic *sūk- > Latvian sūk-; and Proto-Indo-European *sek- (to drain, to dry up, to fall (water)) with an infix n, yielding a reduced grade *sn̥k- > Proto-Baltic *sunk- > Latvian sūk-. Cognates via the first stem (*sew-k-) include Old High German sūgan, German saugen, Dutch zuigen, Latin sūgere, sūcus (juice); cognates via the second stem (*sn̥k-) include Lithuanian suñkti (to press (juice)).[1]

PronunciationEdit

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VerbEdit

sūkt tr., 1st conj., pres. sūcu, sūc, sūc, past sūcu

  1. to suck; to absorb, to pump (to cause liquids, gases, etc. to move by rarefying the air inside some instrument, body part (especially the mouth), etc.)
    sūkt pienu — to suck milk
    dēles, odi sūc asinis — leeches, mosquitoes suck blood
    bites sūc ziedu sulu — bees suck flower juice
    sūkt dzērienu ar salmiņu — to suck drink with a straw
    sūkt dūmus no cigaretes — to suck smoke from a cigarette
    sūknis sūc ūdens — the pump sucks, pumps water
    audums sūc mitrumu — the fabric sucks (up), absorbs moisture
    augi sūc barības vielas — plants suck (up) nutricious substances
    lūpas apdedzinādams, Valdis sūca karsto kafiju un vēroja vīrus — burning his lips, Valdis sucked, sipped the hot coffee and watched the men
  2. to sip (to drink with the lips pressed together; to drink slowly)
    Vaguļa brālēns sūca vēso limonādi, jo šī augusta diena bija vēl diezgan karsta — Vagulis' cousin sipped cool lemonade, because that day of August was still rather hot
    četri vīri sūca alu un vēroja svešnieku, kas turēja rokā kļavu lapas — four men were sipping beer and observing the stranger who held maple leaves in (his) hands
  3. to smoke (a pipe, a cigarette, etc.)
    Ķimelis mierīgi sūca pīpi un izlikās neklausāmies sievas valodā — Ķimelis quietly sucked, smoked his pipe not to listen to his wife's language (= what she was saying)
    mēs klusējām un, domās iegrimuši, sūcām cigaretes — we were silent and, absorbed in thought, we sucked, smoked cigarettes

ConjugationEdit

SynonymsEdit

Derived termsEdit

prefixed verbs:
other derived terms:

Related termsEdit

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ “sūkt” in Konstantīns Karulis (1992, 2001), Latviešu Etimoloģijas Vārdnīca (Rīga: AVOTS) ISBN: 9984-700-12-7.
Last modified on 1 September 2013, at 18:26