See also: Appendix:Variations of "s"
- (after a vowel or a voiced consonant other than a sibilant) enPR: z, IPA(key): /zˈz/
- (after /p/, /t/, /k/, /f/, or /θ/) enPR: s, IPA(key): /sɪz/
- (after other consonants)
- Plural possessive marker, indicating than an object belongs to the plural noun phrase bearing the marker. (See also es'.)
- Chris’s heart leapt when she saw the expressions on her teachers’ faces. (the teacher + s’)
- Singular possessive marker, used optionally with words whose singular form ends in -s.
2014 August 29, Minyvonne Burke, “Robin Williams Death: Actor’s Ghost Haunting Home He Died In, Playing Practical Jokes?”, HNGN Headlines & Global News:
- Robin Williams' ghost has apparently stuck around and is haunting the California home the actor died in.
- Contraction of es.
Catalan personal pronouns and clitics
- elision of si “if” before il or ils
- S’il vous plaît. - Please. or Here you are.
- Je ne sais pas s’ils viendront demain. - I don’t know if they will come tomorrow.
s’ (third person)
- elision of se before a word beginning with a vowel.
- Il s’habille. - He’s dressing (himself).
- Il s’aime. - He loves himself.
- Ils s’aiment. - They love themselves. or They love each other.
- (informal) elision of se before a word beginning with a consonant.
- Y s’bouge le cul ou quoi? - Is he movin’ his ass or what?
- “s'” in le Trésor de la langue française informatisé (The Digitized Treasury of the French Language).