Last modified on 5 October 2014, at 13:58
See also: sålt and SALT

EnglishEdit

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EtymologyEdit

From Old English sealt, from Proto-Germanic *saltą (compare Dutch zout, German Salz, Swedish salt), from Proto-Indo-European *seh₂l- (compare French sel, Welsh halen, Old Irish salann, Latin sal, Russian соль (sol'), Ancient Greek ἅλς (háls), Albanian ngjelmë (salty, savory), Old Armenian աղ (), Tocharian A sāle, Sanskrit सलिल (salila)).

PronunciationEdit

salt crystals

NounEdit

salt (plural salts)

  1. A common substance, chemically consisting mainly of sodium chloride (NaCl), used extensively as a condiment and preservative.
  2. (chemistry) One of the compounds formed from the reaction of an acid with a base, where a positive ion replaces a hydrogen of the acid.
  3. (uncommon) A salt marsh, a saline marsh at the shore of a sea.
  4. (slang) A sailor (also old salt).
    • 1850, Nathaniel Hawthorne, The Scarlet Letter
      Around the door are generally to be seen, laughing and gossiping, clusters of old salts.
    • 1851, Herman Melville, Moby-Dick, chapter 1
      I never go as a passenger; nor, though I am something of a salt, do I ever go to sea as a Commodore, or a Captain, or a Cook.
  5. (cryptography) Randomly chosen bytes added to a plaintext message prior to encrypting it, in order to render brute-force decryption more difficult.
  6. A person who seeks employment at a company in order to (once employed by it) help unionize it.
  7. (obsolete) flavour; taste; seasoning
    • Shakespeare
      Though we are justices and doctors and churchmen [] we have some salt of our youth in us.
  8. (obsolete) piquancy; wit; sense
    Attic salt
  9. (obsolete) A dish for salt at table; a salt cellar.
    • Samuel Pepys
      I out and bought some things; among others, a dozen of silver salts.
  10. (figuratively) That which preserves from corruption or error, or purifies; a corrective; an antiseptic; also, an allowance or deduction.
    His statements must be taken with a grain of salt.
    • Bible, Matthew v. 13
      Ye are the salt of the earth.

Derived termsEdit

Related termsEdit

TranslationsEdit

The translations below need to be checked and inserted above into the appropriate translation tables, removing any numbers. Numbers do not necessarily match those in definitions. See instructions at Help:How to check translations.

AdjectiveEdit

salt (comparative more salt, superlative most salt)

  1. Salty; salted.
    salt beef;  salt tears
    • 1913, Joseph C. Lincoln, chapter 8, Mr. Pratt's Patients:
      Philander went into the next room [] and came back with a salt mackerel that dripped brine like a rainstorm. Then he put the coffee pot on the stove and rummaged out a loaf of dry bread and some hardtack.
  2. Saline.
    a salt marsh;  salt grass
  3. (figuratively, obsolete) Bitter; sharp; pungent.
  4. (figuratively, obsolete) Salacious; lecherous; lustful.
    (Can we find and add a quotation of Shakespeare to this entry?)

TranslationsEdit

The translations below need to be checked and inserted above into the appropriate translation tables, removing any numbers. Numbers do not necessarily match those in definitions. See instructions at Help:How to check translations.

VerbEdit

salt (third-person singular simple present salts, present participle salting, simple past and past participle salted)

  1. (transitive) To add salt to.
    to salt fish, beef, or pork
  2. (intransitive) To deposit salt as a saline solution.
    The brine begins to salt.
  3. (mining) To blast gold into (as a portion of a mine) in order to cause to appear to be a productive seam.
  4. (cryptography) To add filler bytes before encrypting, in order to make brute-force decryption more resource-intensive.
  5. To include colorful language in.
  6. To insert or inject something into an object to give it properties it would not naturally have.
  7. (archaeology) To add bogus evidence to an archeological site.
  8. To fill with salt between the timbers and planks, as a ship, for the preservation of the timber.

AntonymsEdit

Derived termsEdit

TranslationsEdit

The translations below need to be checked and inserted above into the appropriate translation tables, removing any numbers. Numbers do not necessarily match those in definitions. See instructions at Help:How to check translations.

AnagramsEdit


CatalanEdit

PronunciationEdit

EtymologyEdit

From Latin saltus.

NounEdit

salt m (plural salts)

  1. jump

Related termsEdit


Crimean GothicEdit

EtymologyEdit

From Proto-Germanic *saltą, from Proto-Indo-European *seh₂l-.

NounEdit

salt

  1. salt
    • 1562, Ogier Ghiselin de Busbecq:
      Salt. Sal.

DanishEdit

Etymology 1Edit

From Old Norse saltr (salt), from Proto-Indo-European *séh₂l-, *séh₂ls, *sáls.

PronunciationEdit

  • IPA(key): /salt/, [salˀd̥]

AdjectiveEdit

salt (neuter salt, definite and plural salte, comparative saltere, superlative saltest)

  1. salty, salt

Etymology 2Edit

From Old Norse salt (akin to Old Saxon salt, Old High German salz, Old Dutch salt, Old English sealt), from Proto-Germanic *saltą, from Proto-Indo-European *séh₂l-, *séh₂ls. Compare Icelandic, Norwegian, and Swedish salt.

PronunciationEdit

  • IPA(key): /salt/, [salˀd̥]

NounEdit

salt n (singular definite saltet, plural indefinite salte)

  1. salt
InflectionEdit

VerbEdit

salt

  1. imperativ of salte

VerbEdit

salt

  1. imperativ of salte
Related termsEdit

FaroeseEdit

salt

PronunciationEdit

Etymology 1Edit

From Old Norse salt, from Proto-Germanic *saltą, from Proto-Indo-European *séh₂l-, *séh₂ls, *sáls.

NounEdit

salt n (genitive singular salts, plural sølt)

  1. salt
DeclensionEdit
n5 Singular Plural
Indefinite Definite Indefinite Definite
Nominative salt saltið sølt søltini
Accusative salt saltið sølt søltini
Dative salti saltinum søltum søltunum
Genitive salts saltsins salta saltanna
Related termsEdit

Etymology 2Edit

From Old Norse saltr (salt), from Proto-Indo-European *séh₂l-, *séh₂ls, *sáls.

AdjectiveEdit

salt

  1. salty
DeclensionEdit
saltur a21
Singular (eintal) m (kallkyn) f (kvennkyn) n (hvørkikyn)
Nominative (hvørfall) saltur sølt salt
Accusative (hvønnfall) saltan salta
Dative (hvørjumfall) søltum saltari søltum
Genitive (hvørsfall) (salts) (saltar/
saltrar)
(salts)
Plural (fleirtal) m (kallkyn) f (kvennkyn) n (hvørkikyn)
Nominative (hvørfall) saltir saltar sølt
Accusative (hvønnfall) saltar
Dative (hvørjumfall) søltum
Genitive (hvørsfall) (salta
saltra)

FriulianEdit

EtymologyEdit

From Latin saltus.

NounEdit

salt m (plural salts)

  1. jump, leap, spring

Related termsEdit


GothicEdit

RomanizationEdit

salt

  1. Romanization of 𐍃𐌰𐌻𐍄

IcelandicEdit

PronunciationEdit

EtymologyEdit

From Old Norse salt, from Proto-Germanic *saltą, from Proto-Indo-European *séh₂l-, *séh₂ls, *sáls.

NounEdit

salt n (genitive singular salts, nominative plural sölt)

  1. salt
    Geturðu rétt mér saltið?
    Can you pass me the salt?

DeclensionEdit

Derived termsEdit

AdjectiveEdit

salt

  1. positive neuter singular nominative or accusative of saltur

LatvianEdit

EtymologyEdit

From Proto-Indo-European *ḱel- (cold; hot). Cognates include Lithuanian šálti.

PronunciationEdit

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VerbEdit

salt intr., 1st conj., pres. salstu, salsti, salst, past salu

  1. to freeze

DeclensionEdit


NorwegianEdit

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Etymology 1Edit

From Old Norse saltr.

AdjectiveEdit

salt

  1. salty, salt
InflectionEdit
ReferencesEdit
  • “salt” in The Bokmål Dictionary / The Nynorsk Dictionary.

Etymology 2Edit

From Old Norse salt (akin to Old Saxon salt, Old High German salz, Old Dutch salt, Old English sealt), from Proto-Germanic *saltą, from Proto-Indo-European *séh₂l-, *séh₂ls. Compare Danish, Norwegian, and Swedish salt.

NounEdit

salt

  1. salt
InflectionEdit
Derived termsEdit
ReferencesEdit
  • “salt” in The Bokmål Dictionary / The Nynorsk Dictionary.

Old FrisianEdit

EtymologyEdit

From Proto-Germanic *saltą (salt), *saltaz (salty, salted).

NounEdit

salt n

  1. salt

DeclensionEdit

DescendantsEdit

AdjectiveEdit

salt

  1. salty, salted

DescendantsEdit


RomanianEdit

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EtymologyEdit

From Latin saltus.

NounEdit

salt n (plural salturi)

  1. leap
  2. saltation

DeclensionEdit

Related termsEdit


SwedishEdit

Etymology 1Edit

From Old Norse saltr, from Proto-Germanic *saltaz, from Proto-Indo-European *séh₂l-, *séh₂ls, *sáls.

PronunciationEdit

AdjectiveEdit

salt (comparative saltare, superlative saltast)

  1. salty
DeclensionEdit

Etymology 2Edit

From Old Norse salt (akin to Old Saxon salt, Old High German salz, Old Dutch salt, Old English sealt), from Proto-Germanic *saltą, from Proto-Indo-European *séh₂l-, *séh₂ls. Compare Danish, Icelandic, Norwegian salt.

PronunciationEdit

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NounEdit

salt n

  1. salt
    1. (uncountable) sodium chloride (NaCl), used extensively as a condiment and preservative.
    2. (chemistry) One of the compounds formed from the reaction of an acid with a base, where a positive ion replaces a hydrogen of the acid.
DeclensionEdit
SynonymsEdit
Derived termsEdit
Related termsEdit

TurkishEdit

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AdverbEdit

salt

  1. (obsolete) exclusively

SynonymsEdit