Last modified on 21 November 2014, at 19:49

septiņi

LatvianEdit

EtymologyEdit

From a previous undeclinable *septin (by analogy assimilated to the class of nouns in -iņš, plural -iņi), from Proto-Baltic *septim, from Proto-Indo-European *septḿ̥ (seven). Cognates include Lithuanian septynì, Old Prussian sep(t)mas (seventh), Proto-Slavic *sedmъ (seventh), replacing an older Proto-Slavic *setь (Old Church Slavonic сєдмь (sedmĭ), Russian семь (semʹ), Belarusian сем (sjem), Ukrainian сім (sim), Bulgarian се́дем (sédem), Czech sedm, Polish siedem), Gothic 𐍃𐌹𐌱𐌿𐌽 (sibun), Old High German sibun, Old English seofon, German sieben, English seven, Hittite šipta, Sanskrit सप्तन् (saptán), Ancient Greek ἑπτά (heptá), Latin septem.[1]

PronunciationEdit

Latvian cardinal numbers
6 7 8
    Cardinal : septiņi
    Ordinal : septītais
    Multiplier : septiņreiz
    Nominal : septiņnieks
    Fractional : septītdaļa
Latvian Wikipedia article on septiņi
Headset icon.svg This entry needs audio files. If you have a microphone, please record some and upload them. (For audio required quickly, visit WT:APR.)

NumeralEdit

septiņi

  1. seven (the cipher, the cardinal number seven)
    trīs un četri ir septiņi — three plus four is seven
    divreiz septiņi ir četrpadsmit — two times seven is fourteen
    reizināt ar septiņi — to multiply by seven
    septiņi ir laimes skaitlisseven is a happy (= lucky, fortunate) number
    pie četriem pielikt septiņus — to add seven to four
  2. seven (an amount equal to seven)
    septiņi metri audumaseven meters of fabric
    pagaidīt septiņas minūtes — to wait for seven minutes
    septiņi gadi, septiņus gadus vecs bērns — a seven year old child
    septiņu stundu darbadiena — a seven-hour working day
  3. seven o'clock (a moment in time; seven hours after midnight, or after noon)
    pulkstenis ir septiņi — it is seven o'clock
    septiņos no rītaat seven o'clock in the morning
    koncerts sākas septiņos vakarā — the concert begins at seven o'clock at night

DeclensionEdit

See alsoEdit

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ “septiņi” in Konstantīns Karulis (1992, 2001), Latviešu Etimoloģijas Vārdnīca, in 2 vols, Rīga: AVOTS, ISBN: 9984-700-12-7