Last modified on 29 May 2014, at 19:18

sieva

See also: sievā

EnglishEdit

NounEdit

sieva (plural sievas)

  1. A small variety of lima bean.

Part or all of this entry has been imported from the 1913 edition of Webster’s Dictionary, which is now free of copyright and hence in the public domain. The imported definitions may be significantly out of date, and any more recent senses may be completely missing.


LatvianEdit

Vīrs un sieva

EtymologyEdit

From Proto-Baltic *šeiwā-, *šiewā, from Proto-Indo-European *ḱey-wā-, from *ḱey- (be located; camp, settlement; friendly; from the same home) with a suffix -wā (from the same stem also Latvian saime (household)). The semantic change seems to have been “friendly settlement or household member” > “woman”. Cognates include Sanskrit शेवः (śévaḥ, dear, friendly, honored), Gothic heiwa-frauja (heiwa-frauja, household god), Old High German hiwa (wife), hi(w)o (spouse; servant), and Latin civis (citizen) (previously “household member”, “villager”). As Latvian sieva gradually shifted its basic meaning to “wife”, a new term sieviete (woman) was coined (in the 19th century).[1]

PronunciationEdit

IPA(key): [sīɛ̄va]

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NounEdit

sieva f (4th declension)

  1. wife (married woman; woman with respect to her husband)
    vīrs un sieva — husband and wife
    nolūkot sievu — to look for a wife
    ņemt, apņemt sievu — to take a wife (= to get married)
    sievas vecāki — wife's parents
    viņa jau divus gadus ir sieva — she has been a wife for two years
    viņam nau sievas — he doesn't have a wife
  2. woman
    sievu koriswomen's choir
    tirgus sieva — market woman (who sells at the market)
    istabā ienāca kāda sieva — some woman came into the room

DeclensionEdit

SynonymsEdit

AntonymsEdit

Derived termsEdit

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ “sieva” in Konstantīns Karulis (1992, 2001), Latviešu Etimoloģijas Vārdnīca, in 2 vols, Rīga: AVOTS, ISBN: 9984-700-12-7