Last modified on 30 May 2014, at 13:42

slēpt

See also: slept

LatvianEdit

EtymologyEdit

From Proto-Baltic *šlep-, *šlēp- (whence both slēpt and its dialectal variant slept), from Proto-Indo-European *ḱlep-, *ḱlēp-, a variant of *klep- (related to the stem *gleb(ʰ)- (to cover, to squeeze), whence Latvian glābt, q.v.).The original meaning was “to cover (with one's hands),” from which “to not let others see (by covering with one's hands)” > “to hide.” Cognates include Lithuanian slė̃pti; from the parallel stem *klep-, also Old Prussian auklipts (hidden), Gothic 𐌷𐌻𐌹𐍆𐌰𐌽 (hlifan, to steal), Ancient Greek κλέπτω (kléptō, to steal) (< *klépyō-), Latin clepō (to steal, to listen secretly).[1]

PronunciationEdit

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VerbEdit

slēpt tr., 1st conj., pres. slēpju, slēp, slēpj, past slēpu

  1. to hide, to conceal (to put away (something, someone) so that others cannot see or find it, or to protect it from something)
    slēpt personiskās vēstules — to hide personal letters, documents
    slēpt dokumentus — to hide documents
    slēpt grāmatu aiz muguras — to hide the book behind (one's) back
    slēpt seju aiz plīvura — to hide (one's) face behind a veil
    slēpt acis no saules stariem — to hide (one's) eyes from the sunrays
    vāvere savas pārtikas rezerves gatavo no zīlēm, riekstiem un čiekuriem, slēpjot tos zem koku saknēm, dobumos un sūnās — the squirrel makes its food reserves with acorns, nuts and pine cones, (by) hiding them under tree roots and in holes and moss
    viņa slēpa galvu spilvenos — she hid (her) face in the pillows
    viss ciems bija pārliecināts, ka Loginovs slēpj dēlu — the whole village was convinced that Loginovs was hiding a son
  2. to hide, to conceal (to deliberately not reveal facts, activities, etc.)
    slēpt patiesību — to hide the truth
    slēpt svarīgu informāciju — to hide important information
    slēpt savu rīcību — to hide, conceal one's actions
    kapteinis ir viltīgs, ar nolūku slēpis no manis īstās briesmas — the captain is cunning, he intentionally hid the real dangers from me
    viņš jautāja par manu pagātni; neko neslēpdams, izstāstīju — he asked about my past; not hiding anything, I told (everything)
  3. to hide, to conceal (to behave, to be made in such a way that one's feelings, thoughts, intentions etc. are not visible)
    slēpt bailes, dusmas — to hide (one's) fear, anger
    slēpt pārdzīvojumu — to hide experience(s)
    slēpt savu būtību — to hide one's essence
    viņa bija atklāta un neslēpa aizdomas — she was open and didn't hide (any) suspicion
    teātris drīkst akcentēt, atklāt jaunā gaismā tikai to, kas slēpts pašā darbā — the theater may stress, reveal (under) a new light only that which is (already) hidden in the work itself
  4. (figuratively) to hide, to contain (something unknown, unsuspected)
    zeme savos dziļumos slēpj Baltijas bagātību: četras piektdaļas no visas pasaules dzintara krājumiem — the earth hid in its depth the Baltic riches: four fifths of the world's amber deposits

ConjugationEdit

Derived termsEdit

prefixed verbs:
other derived terms:

Related termsEdit

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ “slēpt” in Konstantīns Karulis (1992, 2001), Latviešu Etimoloģijas Vārdnīca, in 2 vols, Rīga: AVOTS, ISBN: 9984-700-12-7