Last modified on 30 May 2014, at 23:28

slaids

LatvianEdit

EtymologyEdit

From *slaidus, from Proto-Baltic *sleid-, *slaid-, from {{recons|Proto-Indo-European *sleidʰ- (slippery, to slide) (whence also slīdēt (to slide), q.v.), which is ultimately from the same stem as laist (to let): *ley- (to let, to let go) with an extra -dʰ and an s-mobile). Cognate with Latvian slidens (slippery), slaids also meant originally “slippery,” with the following semantic evolution: “slippery” > “smooth, even” > “delicate, slender” > “slim, slender” (“tall and thin”).[1]

PronunciationEdit

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AdjectiveEdit

slaids (def. slaidais, comp. slaidāks, sup. visslaidākais; adv. slaidi)

  1. (of people, body parts) lithe, slim, slender
    augumā Arturs bija līdzīgs māsai, tāpat slaids un lokans, garām kajām — in height Artur was like his sister, just as slim and lithe, with long legs
    slaidi pirkstislender fingers
    slaidas kājasslender legs
  2. (of trees, their trunks) slender, straight (having a tall, straight trunk without branches)
    slaidi bērzislender, straight birch trees
    slaids stumbrsslender, straight trunk
    mežā priede izaug slaida, ar taisnu un gludu stumbru, kam zari ir tikai pašā galotnē — in the woods, the pine tree grows slender, with a straight, smooth trunk, and with branches only at the very top
  3. (of plants) straight, slender (having long, straight stems)
    slaidās gladiolas vislabāk izskatās — the slender gladioli look best
  4. (of objects) slender, slim (thin and relatively tall, high)
    slaida bultaslender, slim arrow
    slaida laivaslender, slim boat
    slaidas, vieglas slēpesslender, light skis
  5. (of geographic features) relatively tall, high, and steep
    slaidie pakalnihigh hills
    slaidi viļņihigh waves
    viņam patīk slaidās nokalnes — he likes steep slopes
  6. (of movements) broad, sharp, quick
    te, slaidu soli skriedams, viņu panāca Janelis — here, running with broad steps, Janelis reached him
    viņš skatījās, kā Roziene slaidiem grābekļa vēzieniem rauš kopā šīs lapas — he watched as Raziene gathered these leaves with broad strokes of (her) rake
  7. (of circular movements) broad
    slidinoties mājā no skolas, es apmetu slaidu līkumu — sliding/skiing back home from school, I made a broad turn

DeclensionEdit

SynonymsEdit

AntonymsEdit

Derived termsEdit

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ “slaids” in Konstantīns Karulis (1992, 2001), Latviešu Etimoloģijas Vārdnīca, in 2 vols, Rīga: AVOTS, ISBN: 9984-700-12-7