Last modified on 30 May 2014, at 23:28

slaiks

LatvianEdit

EtymologyEdit

From the same stem as slieka (earthworm) (q.v.): Proto-Indo-European *ley- (humid, mucuous, sticky, slippery, smooth). The semantic evolution was probably “sticky, slippery” > “smooth” > “thin” > “tall, slender”.[1]

PronunciationEdit

AdjectiveEdit

slaiks (def. slaikais, comp. slaikāks, sup. visslaikākais; adv. slaiki)

  1. (of people, body parts) tall, slender, slim
    slaiks, gaišmatains puisisslender, fair-haired guy
    viņa bija skaista, slaika meita ar tumšbrūniem matiem — she was a beautiful, slender girl with dark brown hair
  2. (of trees, their trunks) slender (with a tall, straight trunk without branches)
    slaikas priedestall, slender pine trees
    kokiem slaiki stumbri — the trees (have) tall, slender trunks
  3. (of plants) slender, straight (having straight stems)
    ceriņi, trausli un slaiki — lilacs, delicate and slender
  4. (of objects) slender, slim (thin and relatively tall, high)
    slaiks tornishigh, slender tower
    slaikas sveces tall', slender candles
  5. (of movements) broad
    iet ar slaiku soli — to go with broad step(s)
    lidmašīna apmeta slaiku loku — the airplane made a broad circle

DeclensionEdit

SynonymsEdit

Derived termsEdit

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ “slaiks” in Konstantīns Karulis (1992, 2001), Latviešu Etimoloģijas Vārdnīca (Rīga: AVOTS) ISBN: 9984-700-12-7.