Last modified on 25 May 2014, at 18:52

steven

See also: Steven and števen

EnglishEdit

Alternative formsEdit

PronunciationEdit

Etymology 1Edit

From Middle English steven (voice, command, constitution), from Old English stefn, stemn (voice), from Proto-Germanic *stebnō, *stemnō (voice), from Proto-Indo-European *stomen- (mouth, muzzle). Cognate with Old Frisian stifne, stemme (voice), Old Saxon stemna (Dutch stem, voice), Old High German stimma, stimna (German Stimme, voice), Gothic 𐍃𐍄𐌹𐌱𐌽𐌰 (stibna, voice), Ancient Greek στόμα (stóma, mouth). See also stevvon.

NounEdit

steven (plural stevens)

  1. (UK dialectal, Northern England, Scotland) The voice, now especially when loud or strong.
    • 1485, Sir Thomas Malory, Le Morte Darthur, Book XXI:
      Than Syr Launcelot sayd wyth drery steven, ‘Syr Bysshop, I praye you gyve to me al my ryghtes that longeth to a Crysten man.’
    • a1801, R. Gall, Poems & Songs (1819) 93:
      Then could her Sangsters loud their steven raise.
    • 1865, W. S. Banks, List Provinc. Words Wakefield:
      Thah's a rare stevven, lad.
    • a1886, G. E. Mackay, Love Lett. Violinist (1895) 197:
      He..lifted up his steven To keep the bulwarks of his faith secure.
  2. (obsolete) Speech, language.
  3. Voice; cry; that which is uttered; petition; prayer.
    • a1500 (1460), Towneley Plays (1994) I. ii. 17:
      God that shope both erth and heuen, I pray to the thou here my steven.
    • 1589, T. Lodge, Scillaes Metamorphosis E 2:
      Father of light..Bring to effect this my desired steauen.
  4. A word, command, bidding or direction given.
    • 1597, T. Middleton, Wisdome of Solomon Paraphr. xviii. xiv–xvi. sig. Y3v:
      And brought thy precept? as a burning steauen, Reaching from heauen to earth, from earth to heauen.
  5. A promise, one's word.
  6. An outcry, shout, or loud call; a clamour/clamor, noise; din.
    • 1826, J. Hogg, Queen Hynde vi, in Poems (1865) 262:
      All nature roar'd in one dire steven; Heaven cried to earth, and earth to heaven.
  7. A sound, the sound of a horn; melody, tune; song; sound made by an animal or a bird.
    ... whereby the little birds weening that the spring time had bin come, did chirp and sing in their steven melodiouslyThe Golden Asse
TranslationsEdit

VerbEdit

steven (third-person singular simple present stevens, present participle stevening, simple past and past participle stevened)

  1. (transitive, obsolete) To speak; utter; describe; tell of; name.
  2. (transitive, obsolete) To voice an opinion; vote.
  3. (transitive, archaic) To vouch; speak up (for).
  4. (transitive, dialectal) To bespeak.
  5. (intransitive, dialectal) To talk; call out; shout; make a noise.
TranslationsEdit

Related termsEdit

Etymology 2Edit

From Middle English steven (appointment), from Old English stefn (a time, turn, tour of duty), from Proto-Germanic *stabnijaz, *stabnijô (fixed time), from Proto-Indo-European *stebh- (a stake, post; to support, stamp, insist, become angry). Cognate with Middle Low German stevene (a court appointment), Old Norse stefna (appointment, meeting). More at staff.

NounEdit

steven (plural stevens)

  1. (obsolete) A time, occasion.
    • 1788, Samuel Johnson, George Steevens, The dramatick writings of Will. Shakspere, with the Notes of all the various Commentators:
      I should choose to read "at this dull season," rather than this dull steven, [...]— John Monck Mason.
  2. (obsolete) A set time; a date or appointment.
    • 1485, Sir Thomas Malory, Le Morte Darthur, Book VIII:
      And that same nyght that the steavyn was sette betwyxte Segwarydes wyff and Sir Trystrames, so Kynge Marke armed and made hym redy [...].

VerbEdit

steven (third-person singular simple present stevens, present participle stevening, simple past and past participle stevened)

  1. (transitive, obsolete) To call; summon; command; appoint.
  2. (intransitive, obsolete) To alternate; take turns.

Derived termsEdit

See alsoEdit

AnagramsEdit


DutchEdit

PronunciationEdit

Hyphenation: ste‧ven

EtymologyEdit

From Middle Dutch stēvene

NounEdit

steven m (plural stevens)

  1. the part of a ship's deck that stretches along the entire length of the keel including the bow and the stern

Derived termsEdit

AnagramsEdit


Middle EnglishEdit

Etymology 1Edit

From Old English stefn, stemn (voice, sound). More at steven.

Alternative formsEdit

NounEdit

steven (plural stevens)

  1. The voice of a human being; a voice.
  2. A vocal sound.
  3. sound; tonal pattern.
  4. Manner of speaking.

Etymology 2Edit

From Old English stefn (appointed time).

Alternative formsEdit

NounEdit

steven

  1. time, set time, appointment
    • c. 1385, Geoffrey Chaucer, ‘The Knight's Tale’, Canterbury Tales:
      It is ful fair a man to bere hym euene, / For al day meeten men at vnset steuene.
  2. period of time, occasion
    • 1398, John Trevisa, trans. Bartholomaeus, De Proprietatibus Rerum:
    • Suche stenche is continual and comeþ nouȝt by stemnes.
      (please add an English translation of this usage example)

ScotsEdit

Alternative formsEdit

EtymologyEdit

From Middle English stewin, from Old English stefn (voice), from Proto-Germanic *stebnō, *stemnō (voice), from Proto-Indo-European *stomen- (mouth, muzzle). Cognates: see above, steven.

NounEdit

steven (plural stevens)

  1. voice
  2. a loud outcry