Last modified on 12 December 2014, at 07:54

stirna

See also: stirnā

LatvianEdit

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 Stirna on Latvian Wikipedia

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Stirna

EtymologyEdit

Usually derived from Proto-Baltic *šern-, *širn-, from Proto-Indo-European *ḱer- (upper part (head, horns, vertex)), with an extra -n (from which also German Horn, English horn, Latin cornū and also cervus (deer)), which yielded Latvian archaic sirna. The presence of a t has given rise to various explanations: st- < *ts-; metathesis (sirna > *srina) with t epenthesis; contamination or influence from some other animal name, e.g., taurs; borrowing from a Slavic language with changes to conform to Baltic pronunciation. More recently, it has been suggested that stirna might come from Proto-Indo-European *ser- (red, pink) in the reduced grade *sr̥-no-, causing t epenthesis in Baltic. Cognates include Lithuanian stìrna, Old Prussian sirwis, Proto-Slavic *sьrna (Old Church Slavonic сръна (srŭna), Old East Slavic срьна (srĭna), Russian серна (sérna), Ukrainian сарна (sarna), серна (sárna, sérna), Bulgarian сърна (sǎrna, chamois), Czech srna, Polish sarna (roe deer)).[1]

PronunciationEdit

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NounEdit

stirna f (4th declension)

  1. roe deer (Capreolus capreolus)
    stirnu āzis, stirnuāzis, stirnāzis — male roe deer
    stirnu buks — male roe deer
    stirnu kaza, mātīte — female roe deer
    stirnu mazulis — baby roe deer, fawn (syn. stirnēns)
    stirnas pašlaik aizliegts medītroe deer hunting is now prohibited
    meitene viegla kā stirna — a girl as light as a roe deer

DeclensionEdit

Derived termsEdit

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ Karulis, Konstantīns. 1992, 2001. Latviešu etimoloģijas vārdnīca. Rīga: AVOTS. ISBN 9984700127.

LithuanianEdit

NounEdit

stìrna f stress pattern 1

  1. roe