From Middle English stool, stole, stol, from Old English stōl (“chair, seat, throne”), from Proto-Germanic *stōlaz (“chair”) (compare West Frisian/Dutch stoel, German Stuhl, Swedish/Danish/Norwegian stol), from Proto-Indo-European *stālo (compare Lithuanian stálas, Russian (stol') 'table', Serbo-Croatian stol 'table', Slovenian stol 'chair', Albanian kështallë 'crutch', Ancient Greek stolōn 'pillar'), from *stā- 'to stand'. More at stand.
stool (plural stools)
- A seat for one person without a back or armrest.
- A footstool.
- (chiefly medicine) Feces; excrement.
- (archaic) A decoy.
- (now chiefly dialectal, Scotland) A seat; a seat with a back; a chair.
- (now chiefly dialectal, Scotland) (literally and figuratively) Throne.
- (obsolete) A seat used in evacuating the bowels; a toilet.
- (nautical) A small channel on the side of a vessel, for the dead-eyes of the backstays.
- (Can we find and add a quotation of Totten to this entry?)
- (US, dialect) Material, such as oyster shells, spread on the sea bottom for oyster spat to adhere to.
- See also Wikisaurus:feces
- The translations below need to be checked and inserted above into the appropriate translation tables, removing any numbers. Numbers do not necessarily match those in definitions. See instructions at Help:How to check translations.
stool m and f (plural stools)
- (Canada, slang, derogatory) A denouncer or whistleblower; a stoolie.