straujš

LatvianEdit

Alternative formsEdit

EtymologyEdit

With an epenthetic t, from Proto-Baltic *sraujas, an old yo-stem adjective, from Proto-Indo-European *srew- (to flow), from *ser- (to flow, to move quickly) (from a form *er-, *r̥- (to twist, to become twisted, agitated)) with an extra -w, similarly to another stem derived from the same form, *rew-, *row- (to run, to rush; to split, to pluck, to dig).) The semantic evolution was probably “flowing” > “moving rapidly” > “quick, fast.” Cognates include Lithuanian sraũjas, sraunùs (dialectal straũjas), sraujà (current, torrent), Old Church Slavonic струя (struja) Russian струя (strujá), Bulgarian струя (strúja, squirt).[1]

PronunciationEdit

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AdjectiveEdit

straujš (definite straujais, comparative straujāks, superlative visstraujākais, adverb strauji)

  1. fast, quick, rapid (streaming, flowing rapidly)
    strauja upefast, rapid river
    straujš strauts, ūdensfast stream, water
    strauja straumerapid current
  2. fast, quick (capable of fast movement)
    straujš zirgsfast horse
  3. fast, quick, rapid (which happens fast; having high speed)
    straujas kustībasrapid movements
    straujš brauciensfast trip
    straujš usbrukumsfast attack
    strauja attistībaquick development
    strauja rotācijafast rotation
    straujš ritmsfast rhythm, tempo
    strauja uguns, liesmaquick fire, flame
    braukt straujiem rikšiem — to ride at high speed (lit. with quick trot)
  4. quick to become angry, short-tempered, temperamental
    straujš raksturs, strauja daba — a short-tempered (lit. quick) character, nature
    Jānis Pekarskis bija nervozs, straujas dabas — Jānis Pekarskis was nervous, of temperamental nature

DeclensionEdit

SynonymsEdit

Derived termsEdit

Related termsEdit

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ “straujš” in Konstantīns Karulis (1992, 2001), Latviešu Etimoloģijas Vārdnīca (Rīga: AVOTS) ISBN: 9984-700-12-7.
Last modified on 27 October 2013, at 23:27