sudrabs

LatvianEdit

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 Sudrabs on Latvian Wikipedia

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Alternative formsEdit

EtymologyEdit

From a common Balto-Slavic-Germanic stem for “silver”, not attested in other branches of Indo-European. Cognates include Lithuanian sidãbras, dialectal sudãbras, archaic sidrabas (cf. Latvian dialectal forms sudabrs, sidrabs), Old Prussian siraplis (accusative form sirablan), Old Church Slavonic сьрєбро (sĭrebro) (Russian серебро (serebro)), Gothic 𐍃𐌹𐌻𐌿𐌱𐍂 (silubr), German Silber, English silver. There are several theories about the origin of this Balt-Slatic-Germanic stem: a borrowing from Proto-Indo-Iranian *śub(h)ri apa (clear, shining water), or from an Anatolian language, or from a Kartvelian (Caucasian) language, or possibly cognate with Basque zilar.[1]

PronunciationEdit

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NounEdit

Chemical element
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sudrabs m (1st declension)

  1. silver (precious metal; chemical element, with atomic number 47.)
    tīrradņa sudrabs — virgin silver
    sudraba rūdasilver ore
    sudraba sakausējumisilver alloys
    sudraba nitrāts, hlorīdssilver nitrate, chloride
    sudraba karotesilver spoon
    sudraba medaļasilver medal
    sudraba kāzassilver wedding (i.e., 20th anniversary)
  2. (adjectival genitive; speaking of sounds) pure, clear, clean
    viņas balsij sudraba skaņa — her voice has a silver sound

DeclensionEdit

Derived termsEdit

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ “sudrabs” in Konstantīns Karulis (1992, 2001), Latviešu Etimoloģijas Vārdnīca (Rīga: AVOTS) ISBN: 9984-700-12-7.
Last modified on 26 December 2013, at 17:17