sweart

Old EnglishEdit

Alternative formsEdit

EtymologyEdit

From Proto-Germanic *swartaz (black), from Proto-Indo-European *swordo- (dirty, dark, black). Cognate with Old Frisian swart, swert, Old Saxon swart, Old Dutch swart (Dutch zwart), Old High German swarz (German schwarz), Old Norse svartr (Swedish svart).

PronunciationEdit

AdjectiveEdit

sweart

  1. swarthy, black, dark; gloomy; evil, infamous
    • Uncertain date, Unknown author, Beowulf[1], lines 166–167:
      Heorot eardode, / sincfage sel - sweartum nihtum;
      O'er Heorot he lorded, / gold-bright hall, in gloomy nights;

DeclensionEdit

Weak Strong
singular plural singular plural
m n f m n f m n f
nominative swearta swearte swearte sweartan nom. sweart swearte sweart swearta, -e
accusative sweartan swearte sweartan acc. sweartne sweart swearte swearte sweart swearta, -e
genitive sweartan sweartra, sweartena gen. sweartes sweartes sweartre sweartra
dative sweartan sweartum dat. sweartum sweartum sweartre sweartum
instrumental swearte


SynonymsEdit

  • (black): blæc
  • (dark, gloomy, obscure): deorc, þēostor

DescendantsEdit

Last modified on 27 August 2013, at 00:48