Last modified on 19 October 2014, at 19:50

syntax

EnglishEdit

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EtymologyEdit

Ancient Greek σύνταξις (súntaksis), from σύν (sún, together) + τάξις (táksis, arrangement), from τάσσω (tássō, I arrange).

PronunciationEdit

NounEdit

syntax (plural syntaxes)

  1. A set of rules that govern how words are combined to form phrases and sentences.
    • 1988, Andrew Radford, chapter 8, Transformational grammar: a first course, Cambridge, UK: Cambridge University Press, page 410:
        The incorporation of a rule of V MOVEMENT into our description of English Syntax turns out to have fundamental theoretical implications for our overall Theory of Grammar: it means that we are no longer able to posit that the syntactic structure of a sentence can be described in terms of a single Phrase-marker representing its S-structure. For, the postulation of a rule of V-MOVEMENT means that we must recognise at least two different levels of structure in our Theory of Grammar — namely, a level of D-structure (formerly known as ‘Deep Structureʼ) which serves as input to the rule, and a separate level of S-structure which is formed by application of the rule.
  2. (computing, countable) The formal rules of formulating the statements of a computer language.
  3. (linguistics) The study of the structure of phrases, sentences and language.

Usage notesEdit

The joke plural syntices occasionally occurs in blogs (by false analogy with matrix etc.)

Derived termsEdit

Related termsEdit

TranslationsEdit

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See alsoEdit


CzechEdit

NounEdit

syntax f

  1. (linguistics, computing) syntax

SynonymsEdit


SlovakEdit

PronunciationEdit

NounEdit

syntax f (genitive singular syntaxe), declension pattern dlaň

  1. syntax (linguistics)

DeclensionEdit


SwedishEdit

NounEdit

syntax c

  1. a syntax, a (formal) grammar

DeclensionEdit

ReferencesEdit