Last modified on 12 November 2014, at 23:17

thew

EnglishEdit

PronunciationEdit

Etymology 1Edit

From Middle English thew, theow, from Old English þēow, þēo (servant, slave; servile, not free, bond), from Proto-Germanic *þewaz, *þegwaz (servant; subject, servile), from Proto-Indo-European *tekwos (runner), from Proto-Indo-European *tekw- (to run, flow). Cognate with Old High German diu (servant) and dio (unfree), Gothic [script needed] (þius, bondman, slave, servant), Dutch dienen (to serve), German dienen (to serve), Old English þegn (servant, minister, vassal). See thegn, thane.

NounEdit

thew (plural thews)

  1. (obsolete) A bondman; a slave.

AdjectiveEdit

thew (comparative more thew, superlative most thew)

  1. (obsolete) Bond; servile.

Etymology 2Edit

From Middle English thewen, from Old English þēowan, þȳwan (to press, impress, force, press on, urge on, drive, press with a weapon, thrust, pierce, stab, threaten, rebuke, subjugate, crush, push, oppress, check), from Proto-Germanic *þewjaną (to enslave, oppress), from Proto-Indo-European *tekw- (to run, flow). Cognate with Middle Dutch douwen, Middle Low German duwen, Middle High German diuhen, dūhen, diuwen (to oppress).

VerbEdit

thew (third-person singular simple present thews, present participle thewing, simple past and past participle thewed)

  1. (transitive, obsolete) To oppress; enslave.

Etymology 3Edit

From Middle English thew, theaw (often in plural thewes), from Old English þēaw (usage, custom, general practise of a community, mode of conduct, manner, practise, way, behaviour), from Proto-Germanic *þawwaz (custom, habit), from Proto-Indo-European *(s)tāu-, *(s)te- (to stand, place). Cognate with Old Frisian thāw, Old Saxon thau (custom), Old High German *gathau, kathau (discipline).

NounEdit

thew (plural thews)

  1. Muscle or sinew.
    • 1927, P. G. Wodehouse, 'The Small Bachelor', Arrow, 2008, page 247
      As a rule, the Purple Chicken catered for the intelligentsia of the neighbourhood, and these did not run to thews and sinews. On most nights in the week you would find the tables occupied by wispy poets and slender futurist painters...
    • 1960, Thomas Pynchon, Low-Lands
      Fortune’s elf child and disinherited darling, young and randy and more a Jolly Jack Tar than anyone human could conceivably be; thews and chin taut against a sixty-knot gale with a well-broken-in briar clenched in the bright defiant teeth
  2. A good quality or habit; virtue.
  3. An attractive physical attribute, especially muscle; mental or moral vigour.
QuotationsEdit
  • 1602 : Hamlet by William Shakespeare, act 1 scene 3 lines 11-12-13-14
    For nature crescent does not grow alone
    In thews and bulks, but as this temple waxes,
    The inward service of the mind and soul
    Grows wide withal.
Derived termsEdit

VerbEdit

thew (third-person singular simple present thews, present participle thewing, simple past and past participle thewed)

  1. Instruct in morals or values; chastise.
Derived termsEdit

AnagramsEdit


WelshEdit

PronunciationEdit

AdjectiveEdit

thew

  1. Mutated form of tew.

MutationEdit

Welsh mutation
radical soft nasal aspirate
tew dew nhew thew