Last modified on 30 May 2014, at 23:15

tievs

LatvianEdit

EtymologyEdit

From Proto-Baltic *tenwas, from an old u-stem noun *tenu- to which secondary adjectival endings were added (*tenu-os), from Proto-Indo-European *ten- (to stretch, to pull, to strain) (whence also tīt (to wind, to coil, to wrap), q.v.). Cognates include Lithuanian tévas (slender, thin, delicate), Proto-Slavic *tьnъ (Old Church Slavonic тьнъкъ (tĭnŭkŭ), Russian, Ukrainian тонкий (tónkij, thin, delicate), Bulgarian тънък (tǎ́nǎk, slender, thin, delicate, light), Czech tenký (thin, delicate), Polish cienki (thin, fluid), Upper Sorbian čeńki (thin, weak)), Old High German thunni, dunni (slender, thin), German dünn, English thin, Sanskrit तनुः (tanuḥ, slender, thin, small, weak), Latin tenuis (slender, thin, narrow, delicate, simple), Ossetian тæн (tæn, slender, thin).[1]

PronunciationEdit

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AdjectiveEdit

tievs (def. tievais, comp. tievāks, sup. vistievākais; adv. tievi)

  1. (of cylindrical objects) thin (having a relatively small cross-section)
    tievs zīmulis, vadsthin pencil, pipe
    tieva caurule, auklathin tube, string
    tievs kaklsthin neck
    tievi zari, kokithin branches, trees
    tievā zarna — small (lit. thin) intestine
  2. (of people and animals, their body parts) thin, slim, slender (having relatively small size and low weight)
    tieva meitenethin girl
    tievs viduklisthin waist
    tievas kājas, rokasthin legs, arms
    tievs ka lapsenethin as a wasp
  3. (of voices) high-pitched
    balstiņa dusmās divreiz tievāka kā parasti — (his) little voice in anger (was) twice as thin as usual

DeclensionEdit

SynonymsEdit

AntonymsEdit

Derived termsEdit

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ “tievs” in Konstantīns Karulis (1992, 2001), Latviešu Etimoloģijas Vārdnīca (Rīga: AVOTS) ISBN: 9984-700-12-7.