Last modified on 5 June 2014, at 12:45

trinken

GermanEdit

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EtymologyEdit

From Middle High German trinken, from Old High German trinkan (attested since the 8th century), from Proto-Germanic *drinkaną. The further etymology is currently unknown. Either the nasalized form is a direct descent from Proto-Indo-European *dʰreǵ- (to draw with one's mouth, to pull) and may be related to Sanskrit ध्रजति (dhrajáti, to glide, to move steadily, to fly) or it has been borrowed from a non-Indo-European language as a substrate.[1]

Germanic Cognates with identical meaning include Old Saxon drinkan (> Low German drinken), Old Dutch drinkan (> Dutch drinken, Afrikaans drink), Old English drincan (> Modern English drink), Old Frisian drinka (> West Frisian drinke), Old Norse drekka (> Icelandic drekka, Faroese drekka, Norwegian drikke, Swedish dricka, Danish drikke), Gothic 𐌳𐍂𐌹𐌲𐌺𐌰𐌽 (drigkan) and Vandalic drincan.

PronunciationEdit

  • IPA(key): /ˈtrɪŋkən/, [ˈtʁɪŋkŋ̍]
  • (file)
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  • Rhymes: -ɪŋkən
  • Hyphenation: trin‧ken

VerbEdit

trinken (class 3 strong, third-person singular simple present trinkt, past tense trank, past participle getrunken, past subjunctive tränke, auxiliary haben)

  1. (transitive) to drink
  2. (intransitive) to drink; to toast

ConjugationEdit

Derived termsEdit

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ Pfeifer, Wolfgang. 1995, 2005. Etymologisches Wörterbuch des Deutschen. München: dtv. ISBN 3423325119.

External linksEdit


Middle High GermanEdit

EtymologyEdit

From Old High German trinkan, from Proto-Germanic *drinkaną. Cognate with English drink, Dutch drinken, Old Saxon drinkan.

VerbEdit

trinken

  1. (transitive) to drink
  2. (intransitive) to drink; to toast

ConjugationEdit


DescendantsEdit

ang:trinken az:trinken br:trinken cs:trinken de:trinken el:trinken es:trinken eu:trinken fa:trinken fr:trinken gv:trinken gl:trinken ko:trinken hy:trinken hr:trinken io:trinken id:trinken it:trinken kw:trinken ku:trinken lv:trinken lt:trinken li:trinken hu:trinken mg:trinken fj:trinken nl:trinken ja:trinken no:trinken oc:trinken nds:trinken pl:trinken pt:trinken ru:trinken sa:trinken fi:trinken sv:trinken tl:trinken th:trinken chr:trinken tr:trinken vec:trinken yi:trinken zh:trinken