Last modified on 27 August 2014, at 15:49

trump

See also: Trump

EnglishEdit

PronunciationEdit

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Particularly: "UK"

Etymology 1Edit

Possibly from Italian trionfi (triumph(s)).

NounEdit

trump (plural trumps)

  1. (US, in the singular, card games) The suit, in a game of cards, that outranks all others.
  2. (UK, in the plural, card games) The suit, in a game of cards, that outranks all others.
    Diamonds were declared trumps.
  3. (card games) A playing card of that suit.
    He played an even higher trump.
  4. (figuratively) Something that gives one an advantage, especially one held in reserve.
  5. (colloquial, now rare) An excellent person; a fine fellow, a good egg.
  6. An old card game, almost identical to whist; the game of ruff.
    (Can we find and add a quotation of Decker to this entry?)
  7. (in the plural) The major arcana of the tarot
  8. A card of the major arcana
TranslationsEdit

VerbEdit

trump (third-person singular simple present trumps, present participle trumping, simple past and past participle trumped)

  1. (transitive, card games) To play a trump (on a card of another suit).
    He knew the hand was lost when his ace was trumped.
  2. (intransitive, card games) To play a trump, or to take a trick with a trump
  3. (transitive) To get the better of, or finesse, a competitor.
    • Ben Jonson
      to trick or trump mankind
  4. (dated) To impose unfairly; to palm off.
    • C. Leslie
      Authors have been trumped upon us.
  5. (transitive) To supersede.
    In this election, it would seem issues of national security trumped economic issues.
SynonymsEdit
  • (To play a trump card on another suit): ruff
  • (To get the better of a competitor): outsmart
Coordinate termsEdit
TranslationsEdit
Derived termsEdit

Etymology 2Edit

From Middle English trompe "trumpet" from Old French trompe "horn, trump, trumpet", from Frankish *trumpa, *trumba "trumpet". Akin to Old High German trumpa, trumba "horn, trumpet", Middle Dutch tromme "drum", Middle Low German trumme "drum". More at trumpet, drum.

NounEdit

trump (plural trumps)

  1. (obsolete) A trumpet.
    • Bible, 1 Corinthians 15:52
      In a moment, in the twinkling of an eye, at the last trump: for the trumpet shall sound, and the dead shall be raised incorruptible

VerbEdit

trump (third-person singular simple present trumps, present participle trumping, simple past and past participle trumped)

  1. To blow a trumpet.
    (Can we find and add a quotation of Wyclif Bible (Matt. vi. 2) to this entry?)
  2. (intransitive, slang, UK) To flatulate.
    And without warning me, as he lay there, he suddenly trumped next to me in bed.

External linksEdit