varavīksne

See also: varavīksnē

LatvianEdit

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 Varavīksne on Latvian Wikipedia

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Varavīksne

Alternative formsEdit

  • (dialectal forms) varvīksne, varavīksna, varvīksna, varvīkste, vararīkste

EtymologyEdit

The various attested forms result from reduplication: varavīksne < *vavarīksne, vararīste < *vavarīste, where vavar- is a reduplicated form of Proto-Baltic *war-, from Proto-Indo-European *wer- (to turn, to bend) (whence also Latvian vērpt “to spin”, q.v.). The original meaning was probably “bending,” “arch.” The second part of the word was apparently not just a suffix, but an independent word, perhaps related to rīkste (switch, twig, flexible rod); note that rīksna is dialectally attested by itself iwth the meaning of “rainbow.” The rich dialectal variation in this word, as well as the several other dialectal terms for “rainbow” (e.g., dardedze, telverdze, probably result, on the one hand, from dialectal mixing, and, on the other hand, from taboo restrictions (ancient Latvians apparently considered the rainbow the result of magical forces that deserved respect). Cognates include Lithuanian vaivórykštė, dialectal varvórykštė.[1]

PronunciationEdit

{{audio|Lv-varavīksne.ogg}

NounEdit

varavīksne f (5th declension)

  1. rainbow (multicolored arch in the sky)
    varavīksne parādās kā septiņkrāsu loks Saulei pretējā pusē — a rainbow appears as a seven-color arch on the opposite side to the sun
    debesīs patiešām bija uzplaukusi varavīksne — in the sky, a rainbow had really blossomed
    zaigot visās varavīksnes krāsās — to sparkle in all the colors of the rainbow
    varavīksnes forele — rainbow trout (a species of trout)


DeclensionEdit

Derived termsEdit

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ “varavīksne” in Konstantīns Karulis (1992, 2001), Latviešu Etimoloģijas Vārdnīca (Rīga: AVOTS) ISBN: 9984-700-12-7.
Last modified on 5 January 2014, at 20:46