Last modified on 7 July 2014, at 09:26

weather

EnglishEdit

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EtymologyEdit

From Middle English, from Old English weder, from Proto-Germanic *wedrą, from Proto-Indo-European *wedʰrom (=*we-dʰrom). Cognate with West Frisian waar, Dutch weer, Low German Weder, German Wetter, Danish vejr, Swedish väder; also more distantly related to Russian вёдро (vyodro, fair weather) and perhaps Albanian vrëndë (light rain).

PronunciationEdit

NounEdit

weather (countable and uncountable, plural weathers)

  1. The short term state of the atmosphere at a specific time and place, including the temperature, humidity, cloud cover, precipitation, wind, etc.
  2. Unpleasant or destructive atmospheric conditions, and their effects.
    Wooden garden furniture must be well oiled as it is continuously exposed to weather.
  3. (nautical) The direction from which the wind is blowing; used attributively to indicate the windward side.
    • 1851, Herman Melville, Moby-Dick, ch. 3:
      One complained of a bad cold in his head, upon which Jonah mixed him a pitch-like potion of gin and molasses, which he swore was a sovereign cure for all colds and catarrhs whatsoever, never mind of how long standing, or whether caught off the coast of Labrador, or on the weather side of an ice-island.
  4. (countable, figuratively) A situation.
  5. (obsolete) A storm; a tempest.
    • Dryden
      What gusts of weather from that gathering cloud / My thoughts presage!
  6. (obsolete) A light shower of rain.
    (Can we find and add a quotation of Wyclif to this entry?)

SynonymsEdit

Derived termsEdit

TranslationsEdit

The translations below need to be checked and inserted above into the appropriate translation tables, removing any numbers. Numbers do not necessarily match those in definitions. See instructions at Help:How to check translations.

VerbEdit

weather (third-person singular simple present weathers, present participle weathering, simple past and past participle weathered)

  1. To expose to the weather, or show the effects of such exposure, or to withstand such effects.
    • H. Miller
      The organisms [] seem indestructible, while the hard matrix in which they are embedded has weathered from around them.
    • Spenser
      [An eagle] soaring through his wide empire of the air / To weather his broad sails.
  2. (by extension) To sustain the trying effect of; to bear up against and overcome; to endure; to resist.
    • Longfellow
      For I can weather the roughest gale.
    • F. W. Robertson
      You will weather the difficulties yet.
  3. (nautical) To pass to windward in a vessel, especially to beat 'round.
    to weather a cape; to weather another ship
  4. (nautical) To endure or survive an event or action without undue damage.
    Joshua weathered a collision with a freighter near South Africa.
  5. (falconry) To place (a hawk) unhooded in the open air.
    (Can we find and add a quotation of Encyc. Brit. to this entry?)

Derived termsEdit

TranslationsEdit

AnagramsEdit