Last modified on 20 May 2014, at 23:55

wesan

Old DutchEdit

EtymologyEdit

From Proto-Germanic *wesaną, from Proto-Indo-European *h₂wes-.

VerbEdit

wesan

  1. to be

ConjugationEdit

DescendantsEdit


Old EnglishEdit

Etymology 1Edit

From Proto-Germanic *wesaną, from Proto-Indo-European *h₂wes-. The simple present forms originate from Proto-Indo-European *h₁es- (to be), which had no infinitive or past tense in Proto-Germanic, but had already formed a single paradigm with *wesaną supplying the infinitive and past tense.

PronunciationEdit

VerbEdit

wesan

  1. to be, exist
Usage notesEdit

The verb "to be" in Old English was suppletive, and used forms from at least three different roots. There were two distinct present stems, for which wesan and bēon were the two infinitive forms. The present bēon was used to express permanent truths (the "gnomic present"), while wesan was used for the present participle and the preterite. They both shared the same past tense forms.

ConjugationEdit
SynonymsEdit
Derived termsEdit
DescendantsEdit

Etymology 2Edit

EB1911 - Volume 01 - Page 001 - 1.svg This entry lacks etymological information. If you are familiar with the origin of this term, please add it to the page as described here.

PronunciationEdit

VerbEdit

wēsan

  1. to soak; macerate; dye
  2. to ooze
ConjugationEdit

This verb needs an inflection-table template.



Old High GermanEdit

EtymologyEdit

From Proto-Germanic *wesaną, from Proto-Indo-European *h₂wes-.

VerbEdit

wesan

  1. to be, exist

ConjugationEdit

DescendantsEdit


Old SaxonEdit

EtymologyEdit

From Proto-Germanic *wesaną, from Proto-Indo-European *h₂wes-.

VerbEdit

wesan (irregular)

  1. to be
    managa sind thero thea uuilliad te drohtine hnigan — many are the those who want to bow fore the Lord (Heliand, verse 1916)
    Manega uuaron, the sia iro mod gespon — They were many, whose mind enticed them (Heliand, verse 1)
    gelîhc sulîcaro lôgnun: thit uuas alloro lando scôniust — Just like some denied: this was the most beautiful of all lands (Genesis, verse 5)

ConjugationEdit

Usage notesEdit

The verb "to be" in Old Saxon, as in Old English, Old Dutch and Old High German, was a compound made up of different sources. Wesan and sīn were the two infinitive forms, though wesan was the most common form. Wesan was used in the present tense to express actions while sīn was mostly used to express permanent truths. Preterit forms and participles were the same for both verbs.

SynonymsEdit

  • sīn (Etymology 2)

DescendantsEdit


Tok PisinEdit

EtymologyEdit

From English white + sand.

NounEdit

wesan

  1. sand

Related termsEdit