Last modified on 1 July 2014, at 12:03

zaļš

See also: žals

LatvianEdit

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EtymologyEdit

From Proto-Baltic *zel-, *zal-, from Proto-Indo-European *ǵʰel (to shine), whence also zelts (gold) and several other color terms (e.g., zils, dzeltens). In fact, the color meaning of this term was at first not as specific as it is today: compare the dialectal variant zals (brown, reddish-yellow, light red), and also several borrowings from Baltic languages: Estonian haljas (bright, shiny, shiny green) (< *žaļas), Finnish haljakka (pale, pale gray). Under the influence of zāle (grass), its meaning stabilized as “green.” Cognates include Lithuanian žãlias, Old Prussian saligan (zaljan, zalgan?), Old Church Slavonic зєлєнъ (zelenŭ), Russian зелёный (zeljónyj), Bulgarian зелен (zelén), Czech zelený, Polish zielony.[1]

PronunciationEdit

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AdjectiveEdit

Zaļš

zaļš (def. zaļais, comp. zaļāks, sup. viszaļākais; adv. zaļi)

  1. green (having the color typical of, e.g., grass and leaves in summer)
    gaiši, tumši zaļš — light, dark green
    dzeltenīgi zaļš — yellow(ish) green
    zaļas lapas green leaves
    zaļa gaismagreen light
    zaļa zīda kleitagreen silk dress
    zaļais siersgreen cheese
  2. green, greenish (having a tone or hue similar to green when compared to other related element)
    zaļā varde, krupisgreen frog, toad
    zaļā sūnagreen moss
    zaļā tējagreen tea
  3. (of people's faces) pale, unhealthy color
    viņš necieš jūras; kā uzpūš stingrāks vējš, tā paliek zaļš ģīmī un vemj — he can't suffer the sea; when the wind blows stronger, his face becomes green and he vomits
  4. (of plants) green (which is growing, developing; having leaves, needles, grass)
    zaļi asnigreen sprouts
    zaļš koksgreen tree
    zaļš tīrumsgreen field
    zaļa pļavagreen meadow
    zaļā vasaragreen summer
  5. (of fruits, berries) green, not ripe; (of wood) not ready to burn
    zaļš ābolsgreen apple
    siens vēl ir zaļš — the hay is still green
    malka bija zaļa' un negribēja degt — the wood was green and did not want to burn
  6. uncooked, raw
    zaļa gaļaraw, uncooked meat
    ēst zaļus' burkānus, kāpostus — to eat raw carrots, cabbage
  7. new, unexperienced;
    puisis vēl ir zaļš — the guy is still green (= unexperienced)
  8. untroubled, trouble-free carefree
    nu sāksies zaļa dzīve — now begins the untroubled life
    pienāca zaļas dienas — the carefree days have come

DeclensionEdit

Derived termsEdit

Related termsEdit

See alsoEdit

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ “zaļš” in Konstantīns Karulis (1992, 2001), Latviešu Etimoloģijas Vārdnīca (Rīga: AVOTS) ISBN: 9984-700-12-7.