Last modified on 20 May 2014, at 22:44

FrenchEdit

NounEdit

zobs m pl

  1. plural form of zob

LatvianEdit

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 Zobs on Latvian Wikipedia

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Zobi

EtymologyEdit

From Proto-Balto-Slavic *źombos[1] (with irregular *am > Latvian o ([uo]); or perhaps from a parallel form *žanbas, since *an > Latvian o ([uo]) is a regular change), from Proto-Indo-European *ǵómbʰos (tooth; row of teeth), itself from the stem *ǵembʰ- (to bite), apparently a variant of synonymous *ǵebʰ. Cognates include Lithuanian žam̃bas (log, beam edge; any sharp, angular object), žam̃bis (wooden plow), Old Church Slavonic зѫбъ (zǫbŭ), Russian, Belarusian, Ukrainian зуб (zub), Bulgarian зъб (zǎb), Czech zub, Polish ząb, Old High German chamb (comb), Old Norse kambr, Old English camb, English comb, Albanian dhëmb (tooth), Sanskrit जम्भः (jámbhaḥ, tooth, fang), Ancient Greek γόμφος (gómphos, nail, peg), γομφίος (gomphíos, molar).[2]

PronunciationEdit

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NounEdit

zobs m (1st declension)

  1. (anatomy) tooth (a hard, calcareous element in a structure present in the mouths of most vertebrates, used for biting and eating)
    veselīgi zobi — healthy teeth
    nedzīvs zobs — lifeless tooth
    zoba kronistooth crown
    zoba saknetooth root
    zoba emaljatooth enamel
    zobu šķilšanās — teething (lit. teeth hatching)
    bērnam nāk zobi — the child's teeth are coming out
    zoba plombēšanatooth filling
    zobu sāpestoothache
    zobu protēze — denture (lit. tooth prosthesis)
    izraut zobu — to pull out a tooth
    tīrīt zobus ar suku — to clean (one's) teeth with a brush
    piena zobs — milk tooth
    acu zobs, acuzobs — eye tooth (i.e., canine tooth)
    gudrības zobs — wisdom tooth
    tik auksts, ka zobi klab — (it is) so cold that (one's) teeth chatter
  2. (on tools, objects) tooth (protuberance, usually pointed, and usually on the side)
    zāģa zobi — saw teeth
    ielikt pļaujmašīnai jaunu zobu — to add a new tooth to the mower
    pils torņa zobi — castle tower teeth (= battlement, crenels)
    viņš iedod atslēgu; tā ir pavisam jauna, smalki ievīlētiem zobiem — he gave the key; it is brand new, (with) finely filed teeth
  3. (of cutting tools) cutting edge (sharp side of the blade)
    izkapts zobs — the cutting edge (lit. tooth) of a scythe
    uzskati koku, ko cirvja zobs dziļi ievainojis — you are looking at a tree which the ax blade, edge (lit. tooth) hurt (= cut) deep

DeclensionEdit

Derived termsEdit

See alsoEdit

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ Rick Derksen (2008), Etymological Dictionary of the Slavic Inherited Lexicon, Brill: Leiden-Boston, page 549
  2. ^ “zobs” in Konstantīns Karulis (1992, 2001), Latviešu Etimoloģijas Vārdnīca (Rīga: AVOTS) ISBN: 9984-700-12-7.