Hungarian

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Alternative forms

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Etymology

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ás +‎ -j

Pronunciation

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Verb

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áss

  1. second-person singular subjunctive present indefinite of ás

Old Irish

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Etymology

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From Proto-Celtic *ɸāstom, from Proto-Indo-European *peh₂- (to protect, shepherd).[1]

Pronunciation

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Noun

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áss n

  1. growth
    • c. 800, Würzburg Glosses on the Pauline Epistles, published in Thesaurus Palaeohibernicus (reprinted 1987, Dublin Institute for Advanced Studies), edited and with translations by Whitley Stokes and John Strachan, vol. I, pp. 499–712, Wb. 22a17
      Uisse in boill dó ass ón chiunn.
      [It is] proper for the members to grow from the head.
    • c. 815-840, “The Monastery of Tallaght”, in Edward J. Gwynn, Walter J. Purton, transl., Proceedings of the Royal Irish Academy, volume 29, Royal Irish Academy, published 1911-1912, paragraph 68, pages 115-179:
      Ba erdath ⁊ ba lith mor iarum la Colum Cille ann dogress dona braithribh. Ass n-ingnama doib: ann nobithe tremsi oc aurcilliud ⁊ oc legcude usce trit. Feil na n-Airemon leisom insin fo bithin is ann for·centai a n-as.
      A great festivity and merrymaking was regularly allowed by Colum Cille thereafter to the brethren. The growth of the crops was given to them then: three months were spent in tending and watering them. He called that the Feast of the Ploughmen, because it was then that the crops reached their full growth.
  2. verbal noun of ásaid (to grow)

Inflection

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Neuter o-stem
Singular Dual Plural
Nominative ássN
Vocative ássN
Accusative ássN
Genitive áissL
Dative ássL
Initial mutations of a following adjective:
  • H = triggers aspiration
  • L = triggers lenition
  • N = triggers nasalization

Derived terms

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Descendants

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  • Middle Irish: ás

Mutation

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Old Irish mutation
Radical Lenition Nasalization
áss unchanged n-áss
Note: Some of these forms may be hypothetical. Not every
possible mutated form of every word actually occurs.

References

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  1. ^ Matasović, Ranko (2009) “*fāsto-”, in Etymological Dictionary of Proto-Celtic (Leiden Indo-European Etymological Dictionary Series; 9), Leiden: Brill, →ISBN, page 125

Further reading

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Old Norse

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Etymology 1

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From Proto-Germanic *ansaz ("beam").

Noun

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áss m (genitive áss, plural ásar)

  1. a thick pole, main beam (in a house)
  2. (nautical) the yard of a sail
Declension
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Derived terms
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Descendants
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Etymology 2

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Likely from Proto-Germanic *amsaz (shoulder).

Noun

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áss m (genitive áss, plural ásar)

  1. a rocky ridge
Declension
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Descendants
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  • Icelandic: ás
  • Faroese: ásur
  • Norwegian Nynorsk: ås
  • Norwegian Bokmål: ås
  • Elfdalian: ǫs
  • Swedish: ås
  • Danish: ås
References
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  • áss in An Icelandic-English Dictionary, R. Cleasby and G. Vigfússon, Clarendon Press, 1874, at Internet Archive.
  • áss in A Concise Dictionary of Old Icelandic, G. T. Zoëga, Clarendon Press, 1910, at Internet Archive.

Etymology 3

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From Proto-Norse *ᚨᛊᚢᛉ (*asuʀ), from Proto-Germanic *ansuz (god), from Proto-Indo-European *h₂énsus, from Proto-Indo-European *h₂ens- (to engender, beget). Cognate with Old English ōs, Old Saxon ās, Old High German ans-, Latin Ansis pl (loaned from Gothic).

Alternative forms

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Noun

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áss m (genitive ásar, plural æsir)

  1. (Germanic paganism) one of the gods, Æsir
Declension
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Derived terms
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Descendants
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  • Icelandic: ás m
    • Swedish: as c
    • Danish: as c
  • Faroese: ásur m
  • Norwegian Nynorsk: ås m
  • Norwegian Bokmål: ås m
  • Swedish: ås c (learned)