Alternative formsEdit


ás +‎ -j




  1. second-person singular subjunctive present indefinite of ás

Old IrishEdit


From Proto-Celtic *ɸāstom, from Proto-Indo-European *peh₂- (to protect, shepherd).[1]



áss n

  1. growth
    • c. 800, Würzburg Glosses on the Pauline Epistles, published in Thesaurus Palaeohibernicus (reprinted 1987, Dublin Institute for Advanced Studies), edited and with translations by Whitley Stokes and John Strachan, vol. I, pp. 499–712, Wb. 22a17
      Uisse in boill dó ass ón chiunn.
      [It is] proper for the members to grow from the head.
    • c. 815–840, published in "The Monastery of Tallaght", in Proceedings of the Royal Irish Academy (1911-1912, Royal Irish Academy), edited and with translations by Edward J. Gwynn and Walter J. Purton, vol. 29, pp. 115–179, paragraph 68,
      Ba erdath ⁊ ba lith mor iarum la Colum Cille ann dogress dona braithribh. Ass n-ingnama doib: ann nobithe tremsi oc aurcilliud ⁊ oc legcude usce trit. Feil na n-Airemon leisom insin fo bithin is ann for·centai a n-as.
      A great festivity and merrymaking was regularly allowed by Colum Cille thereafter to the brethren. The growth of the crops was given to them then: three months were spent in tending and watering them. He called that the Feast of the Ploughmen, because it was then that the crops reached their full growth.
  2. verbal noun of ásaid (to grow)


Neuter o-stem
Singular Dual Plural
Nominative ássN
Vocative ássN
Accusative ássN
Genitive áissL
Dative ássL
Initial mutations of a following adjective:
  • H = triggers aspiration
  • L = triggers lenition
  • N = triggers nasalization

Derived termsEdit


  • Middle Irish: ás


Old Irish mutation
Radical Lenition Nasalization
áss unchanged n-áss
Note: Some of these forms may be hypothetical. Not every
possible mutated form of every word actually occurs.


  1. ^ Matasović, Ranko (2009), “*fāsto-”, in Etymological Dictionary of Proto-Celtic (Leiden Indo-European Etymological Dictionary Series; 9), Leiden: Brill, →ISBN, page 125

Further readingEdit

Old NorseEdit

Etymology 1Edit

From Proto-Germanic *ansaz ("beam").


áss m (genitive áss, plural ásar)

  1. a thick pole, main beam (in a house)
  2. (nautical) the yard of a sail
Derived termsEdit

Etymology 2Edit

Likely from Proto-Germanic *amsaz (shoulder).


áss m (genitive áss, plural ásar)

  1. a rocky ridge
  • Icelandic: ás
  • Faroese: ásur
  • Norwegian Nynorsk: ås
  • Norwegian Bokmål: ås
  • Elfdalian: ǫs
  • Swedish: ås
  • Danish: ås
  • áss in An Icelandic-English Dictionary, R. Cleasby and G. Vigfússon, Clarendon Press, 1874, at Internet Archive.
  • áss in A Concise Dictionary of Old Icelandic, G. T. Zoëga, Clarendon Press, 1910, at Internet Archive.

Etymology 3Edit

From Proto-Norse *ᚨᛊᚢᛉ (*asuʀ), from Proto-Germanic *ansuz (god), from Proto-Indo-European *h₂énsus, from Proto-Indo-European *h₂ens- (to engender, beget). Cognate with Old English ōs, Old Saxon ās, Old High German ans-.

Alternative formsEdit


áss m (genitive ásar, plural æsir)

  1. (Germanic paganism) one of the gods, Æsir
Derived termsEdit
  • Icelandic: ás m
    • Swedish: as c
    • Danish: as c
  • Faroese: ásur m
  • Norwegian Nynorsk: ås m
  • Norwegian Bokmål: ås m
  • Swedish: ås c (learned)