See also: Appendix:Variations of "ala"
- The second-person singular form of the negative verb (negation verb) in imperative, do not/don’t (addressing one person)
- Juokse! -> Älä juokse!
- Run! -> Do not run!
- Älä is used with the connegative form of the main verb. That form is identical to the second-person singular imperative present form and to the indicative present connegative form.
- The negation verb has no infinitive form.
- Indicative, conditional and potential moods use the indicative forms (stem e-), for which the verb is conjugated only in person.
- In the imperative mood the negation verb has the stem äl-.
- An archaic optative mood exists and is used mainly in poetry.
- don't!, stop!
- (the speaker astonished) really?
- (colloquial, indicates agreement on the preceding statement) tell me about it! I know, right?
- Elokuva oli ihan hillitön! — Älä!
- The movie was hilarious! — I know!
- (colloquial, sarcastic) you don't say, (oh) really?