Contents

LatvianEdit

 ķermenis on Latvian Wikipedia

EtymologyEdit

A borrowing from Old Prussian kērmens(flesh, body), introduced by A. Kronvalds to replace the Germanism ķerpers (compare German Körper) used by many other Latvian authors. Kronvalds introduced the word as ķermens; the current form only appeared and became popular in the 20th century.[1]

PronunciationEdit

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NounEdit

ķermenis m (2nd declension)

  1. (physics) body (physical object, material entity)
    liels, smags ķermenis‎ ― large, heavy body
    cieti, šķidri, gāzveida ķermeņi‎ ― solid, liquid, gaseous bodies
    ķermeņa forma‎ ― body shape
    debess ķermeņi‎ ― heavenly bodies
  2. (anatomy) body (of a living being), organism
    spēcīgs, slaids ķermenis‎ ― a strong, slender body
    ķermeņa daļas‎ ― parts of the body
    ķermeņa garums, lielums‎ ― body length, size
    ķermeņa temperatūra‎ ― body temperature
  3. (mathematics) part of space bound by a closed surface
    sfērisks ķermenis‎ ― geometric body
    ģeometrisks ķermenis‎ ― spherical body
  4. the main part of something
    mēles ķermenis‎ ― body of the tongue
    ķermeņa piedevas‎ ― body appendages (e.g., wing)

DeclensionEdit

Derived termsEdit

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ Karulis, Konstantīns (1992), “ķermenis”, in Latviešu Etimoloģijas Vārdnīca (in Latvian), Rīga: AVOTS, ISBN 9984-700-12-7