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LatvianEdit

 Ķermenis on Latvian Wikipedia

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EtymologyEdit

A borrowing from Old Prussian kērmens ‎(flesh, body), introduced by A. Kronvalds to replace the Germanism ķerpers (compare German Körper) used by many other Latvian authors. Kronvalds introduced the word as ķermens; the current form only appeared and became popular in the 20th century.[1]

PronunciationEdit

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NounEdit

ķermenis m (2nd declension)

  1. (physics) body (physical object, material entity)
    liels, smags ķermenis — large, heavy body
    cieti, šķidri, gāzveida ķermeņi — solid, liquid, gaseous bodies
    ķermeņa formabody shape
    debess ķermeņi — heavenly bodies
  2. (anatomy) body (of a living being), organism
    spēcīgs, slaids ķermenis — a strong, slender body
    ķermeņa daļas — parts of the body
    ķermeņa garums, lielumsbody length, size
    ķermeņa temperatūrabody temperature
  3. (mathematics) part of space bound by a closed surface
    sfērisks ķermenis — geometric body
    ģeometrisks ķermenis — spherical body
  4. the main part of something
    mēles ķermenisbody of the tongue
    ķermeņa piedevasbody appendages (e.g., wing)

DeclensionEdit

Derived termsEdit

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ Karulis, Konstantīns (1992), “ķermenis”, in Latviešu Etimoloģijas Vārdnīca (in Latvian), Rīga: AVOTS, ISBN 9984-700-12-7
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