Contents

LatvianEdit

 ķermenis on Latvian Wikipedia

EtymologyEdit

A borrowing from Old Prussian kērmens (flesh, body), introduced by A. Kronvalds to replace the Germanism ķerpers (compare German Körper) used by many other Latvian authors. Kronvalds introduced the word as ķermens; the current form only appeared and became popular in the 20th century.[1]

PronunciationEdit

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NounEdit

ķermenis m (2nd declension)

  1. (physics) body (physical object, material entity)
    liels, smags ķermenis‎ ― large, heavy body
    cieti, šķidri, gāzveida ķermeņi‎ ― solid, liquid, gaseous bodies
    ķermeņa forma‎ ― body shape
    debess ķermeņi‎ ― heavenly bodies
  2. (anatomy) body (of a living being), organism
    spēcīgs, slaids ķermenis‎ ― a strong, slender body
    ķermeņa daļas‎ ― parts of the body
    ķermeņa garums, lielums‎ ― body length, size
    ķermeņa temperatūra‎ ― body temperature
  3. (mathematics) part of space bound by a closed surface
    sfērisks ķermenis‎ ― geometric body
    ģeometrisks ķermenis‎ ― spherical body
  4. the main part of something
    mēles ķermenis‎ ― body of the tongue
    ķermeņa piedevas‎ ― body appendages (e.g., wing)

DeclensionEdit

Derived termsEdit

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ Karulis, Konstantīns (1992), “ķermenis”, in Latviešu Etimoloģijas Vārdnīca (in Latvian), Rīga: AVOTS, ISBN 9984-700-12-7