From Proto-Indo-European *deh₂mos (“people”) (perhaps originally a feminine), from *deh₂- (“to divide”), whence also δαίομαι (daíomai). The original meaning was thus "part". Cognate to Old Irish dám (“followers, crowd”) and Old Welsh dauu.
- district, country, land
- the inhabitants of a district or land
- the common people
- (rare) commoner
- free citizens, sovereign people
- popular government, democracy
- popular assembly
- township, commune; deme
- name for a prostitute
- faction in a circus
- δῆμος in A Greek–English Lexicon by Liddell & Scott, Clarendon Press, Oxford, 1940
- Bauer lexicon
- G1218 in Strong's Exhaustive Concordance to the Bible.
- Robert S. P. Beekes (2010) Etymological Dictionary of Greek, Leiden, Boston: Brill Academic Publishers, volume 1, page 325
- κᾰτᾰνάγκη (katanánkē)