ζῦθος

See also: ζύθος

Ancient GreekEdit

Alternative formsEdit

EtymologyEdit

Unknown; suggested sources have included Egyptian, Proto-Scythian, Pre-Greek, or a native origin, in which case it would be related to ζύμη (zúmē, yeast).[1]

PronunciationEdit

 

NounEdit

ζῦθος (zûthosm (genitive ζῡ́θου); second declension
ζῦθος (zûthosn (genitive ζῡ́θους); third declension

  1. an Egyptian kind of beer, brewed with barley
    • 371 BCE – 287 BCE, Theophrastus, On the Causes of Plants 6.11.2
    • 40 CE – 90 CE, Dioscorides, Materia medica 2.87
    • 64 BCE – 24 CE, Strabo, Geography 17.1.14:
      ἅπασα μὲν ἡ χώρα αὕτη οὐκ εὔοινος, πλείω δεχομένου τοῦ κεράμου θάλατταν ἢ οἶνον ὃν δὴ καλοῦσι Λιβυκόν, ᾧ δὴ καὶ τῷ ζύθῳ τὸ πολὺ φῦλον χρῆται τῶν Ἀλεξανδρέων·
      hápasa mèn hē khṓra haútē ouk eúoinos, pleíō dekhoménou toû kerámou thálattan ḕ oînon hòn dḕ kaloûsi Libukón, hôi dḕ kaì tôi zúthōi tò polù phûlon khrêtai tôn Alexandréōn;
    • 100 BCE – 1 BCE, Diodorus Siculus, Library 1.34
  2. beer of northern nations

DeclensionEdit

Derived termsEdit

DescendantsEdit

  • Greek: ζύθος (zýthos)
  • Latin: zȳthum

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ Beekes, Robert S. P. (2010) , “ζῦθος”, in Etymological Dictionary of Greek (Leiden Indo-European Etymological Dictionary Series; 10), volume I, with the assistance of Lucien van Beek, Leiden, Boston: Brill, →ISBN, page 503

Further readingEdit