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Ancient GreekEdit

EtymologyEdit

From κατά + λύω

PronunciationEdit

 
  • (5th BCE Attic) IPA(key): /ka.ta.ly̌ː.ɔː/
  • (1st CE Egyptian) IPA(key): /ka.taˈly.o/
  • (4th CE Koine) IPA(key): /ka.taˈly.o/
  • (10th CE Byzantine) IPA(key): /ka.taˈly.o/
  • (15th CE Constantinopolitan) IPA(key): /ka.taˈli.o/
  • VerbEdit

    καταλύω (katalúō)

    1. I destroy
      καὶ τὴν ὑμετέραν καταλῦσαι δύναμιν (Isocrates, De bigis, 40.8-9)
      to destroy our (city's) might
    2. I abolish, I do away with
      Αὐτοὶ γὰρ ἡμεῖς δὶς ἤδη τὴν δημοκρατίαν ἐπείδομεν καταλυθεῖσαν καὶ δὶς τῆς ἐλευθερίας ἀπεστερήθημεν (Isocrates, In Lochitem, 10.2-4)
      twice we ourselves have already seen our democracy abolished and twice we have lost our freedom
    3. I deprive someone of their authority
      τοὺς τυράννους καταλύσας͵ καὶ τοὺς βαρβάρους καταπολεμήσας (Plutarchus, Timoleon, 39.5)
      having overthrown the tyrants and fought the barbarians
    4. I put an end to something
      καταλῦσαι τὸν βίον (to die)
    5. (for animals) I unyoke, I unharness
      ἄλλ' εἴπ', ἤ σφωιν καταλύσομεν ὠκέας ἵππους (Homer, Od., 4.28)
      but, tell us, shall we unharness their fast horses?
    6. I take down something hung or someone hanged
      Τῶν ἀπαγχομένων καὶ καταλυομένων͵ μηδέπω δὲ τεθνηκότων ... (Hippocrates, Aphorismoi)
      about those who were hanged and taken down but have not died
    7. I stay somewhere for one night, I find a lodgement
      (Θεμιστοκλῆς) ἀναγκάζεται κατά τι ἄπορον παρὰ Ἄδμητον τὸν Μολοσσῶν βασιλέα ὄντα αὐτῷ οὐ φίλον καταλῦσαι (Thucydides Hist., 1.136)
      (Themistocles) being in a difficult position had to seek shelter from Admetos, the king of Molossi, though the latter was not a friend of his

    ReferencesEdit


    GreekEdit

    EtymologyEdit

    From Ancient Greek καταλύω (katalúō), equivalent to κατα- (kata-, down) +‎ λύω (lýo, to equip).

    PronunciationEdit

    • IPA(key): /kataˈlio/
    • Hyphenation: κα‧τα‧λύ‧ω

    VerbEdit

    καταλύω (katalýo) (simple past κατέλυσα)

    1. abolish, break down
    2. stay (usually for one night)
    3. (chemistry) catalyse
    4. (religion) eat (a specific food during a religious celebration or fast)

    ConjugationEdit

    Derived termsEdit